gluconeogenesis


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Related to gluconeogenesis: Cori cycle

glu·co·ne·o·gen·e·sis

 (glo͞o′kə-nē′ə-jĕn′ĭ-sĭs)
n.
The formation of glucose, especially by the liver, from noncarbohydrate sources, such as amino acids and the glycerol portion of fats.

glu′co·ne′o·ge·net′ic (-ō-jə-nĕt′ĭk) adj.

gluconeogenesis

(ˌɡluːkəʊˌniːəʊˈdʒɛnɪsɪs)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem the sequence of metabolic reactions by which glucose is synthesized, esp in the liver, from noncarbohydrate sources, such as amino acids, pyruvic acid, or glycerol. Also called: glyconeogenesis

glu•co•ne•o•gen•e•sis

(ˌglu koʊˌni əˈdʒɛn ə sɪs)

n.
glucose formation in animals from a noncarbohydrate source, as from proteins or fats.
Translations

glu·co·ne·o·gen·e·sis

n. gluconeogénesis.
1. formación hepática de glucógeno a partir de fuentes distintas de los carbohidratos;
2. formación de azúcar por desdoblamiento de glucógeno.
References in periodicals archive ?
The objective of this study was to investigate further the effect of dietary energy density in the close-up dry period (the last 3 wks prepartum) on blood metabolites related to energy balance (EB), and the mRNA abundance of rate-limiting enzymes with regard to lipolysis and gluconeogenesis for multiparous Holstein cows fed ad libitum and housed in a free-stall barn.
Scientists can find evidence of gluconeogenesis by assessing the levels of certain metabolites in the blood, including carnitines, and butyrate.
Therefore, the purpose of this work was to test the effects of resistance training and the possible influence of low doses of insulin on liver gluconeogenesis and glucose homeostasis in healthy Swiss mice.
PEPCK is key enzyme in the lyase family used in the metabolic pathway of gluconeogenesis. It converts oxaloacetate into phosphoenolpyruvate and carbon dioxide (Mendez-Lucas et al., 2013, 2014).
Waris, "Hepatitis C virus NS5A promotes insulin resistance through IRS-1 serine phosphorylation and increased gluconeogenesis," World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol.
Metformin improves glycemic control in DM2 via several complex mechanisms, including an increase in peripheral insulin sensitivity, improvement in peripheral glucose uptake, and a decrease in hepatic gluconeogenesis [2-4].
An increase in gluconeogenesis in the liver could explain higher fasting blood glucose in glimepiride-treated animals.
Fasting hyperglycemia, due to the increased rates of hepatic gluconeogenesis, and the insulin resistance are the hallmark of T2D, while the current treatment is ineffective [3,10,11].
Even in this subset of classical cases of EDKA [14], there was a debate from the beginning whether the "normal" glucose in EDKA is partly derived from decreased endogenous glucose production via gluconeogenesis or from increased urinal loss [14, 17].
This natural internal production of glucose is called "gluconeogenesis."
Plasma glucose level is also maintained by the synthesis of glucose from lactate, glycerol, and amino acids (gluconeogenesis).