gluconeogenesis


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Related to gluconeogenesis: Cori cycle

glu·co·ne·o·gen·e·sis

 (glo͞o′kə-nē′ə-jĕn′ĭ-sĭs)
n.
The formation of glucose, especially by the liver, from noncarbohydrate sources, such as amino acids and the glycerol portion of fats.

glu′co·ne′o·ge·net′ic (-ō-jə-nĕt′ĭk) adj.

gluconeogenesis

(ˌɡluːkəʊˌniːəʊˈdʒɛnɪsɪs)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem the sequence of metabolic reactions by which glucose is synthesized, esp in the liver, from noncarbohydrate sources, such as amino acids, pyruvic acid, or glycerol. Also called: glyconeogenesis

glu•co•ne•o•gen•e•sis

(ˌglu koʊˌni əˈdʒɛn ə sɪs)

n.
glucose formation in animals from a noncarbohydrate source, as from proteins or fats.
Translations

glu·co·ne·o·gen·e·sis

n. gluconeogénesis.
1. formación hepática de glucógeno a partir de fuentes distintas de los carbohidratos;
2. formación de azúcar por desdoblamiento de glucógeno.
References in periodicals archive ?
18] Therefore, in diabetics with prolonged hypoglycemia in which gluconeogenesis is the dominant source of hepatic glucose production, ethanol can contribute to the progression and severity of hypoglycemia.
Pyruvate carboxylase and PEPCK are key enzymes in gluconeogenesis.
Liver is a general metabolic organ that plays a pivotal role in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis.
Gluconeogenesis served us well when food was scarce, but in today's world of boundless calorie abundance, this glucose-generator conspires to spike our blood sugar to dangerous levels.
In diabetic condition, body proteins are broken down into amino acids, later gluconeogenic amino acids contribute to hyperglycaemia by increasing gluconeogenesis, which, in turn, results in increased urea cycle in the liver.
It is possible that mutations in the highly conserved CRTC2 lead to a predisposition to inappropriate gluconeogenesis," said Montminy.
For example, daily administrations of corticosterone cause responses such as increased feed and water consumptions, reduced energy absorptive efficiency, suppressed growth rate, enhanced proteolysis and gluconeogenesis in broilers (Siegel and Van Kampen, 1984; Lin et al.
A range of parameters were tested including plasma glucose level, gluconeogenesis ability test (GTT), glycogen content, corticosterone, insulin and organ index, etc.
Recycling of glucose and determination of the Cori Cycle and gluconeogenesis.
Our liver can also utilize proteins/fats and convert them to glucose via a process called gluconeogenesis.
As feeds with adequate carbohydrate are established, maintenance of plasma glucose concentrations is no longer solely dependent on gluconeogenesis.
13) Dietary carbohydrates, with the exception of chitin, are nearly absent in diets of marine faunivorous birds and are of limited use in carnivorous birds, such as black vultures (Coragyps atratus), that engage in obligatory gluconeogenesis to maintain blood glucose concentrations.