glutamate


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glu·ta·mate

 (glo͞o′tə-māt′)
n.
A salt or ester of glutamic acid, especially one that functions as a neurotransmitter that excites cells of the central nervous system.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

glutamate

(ˈɡluːtəˌmeɪt)
n
(Chemistry) any salt of glutamic acid, esp its sodium salt. See monosodium glutamate
[C19: from glutam(ic acid) + -ate1]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

glu•ta•mate

(ˈglu təˌmeɪt)

n.
a salt or ester of glutamic acid.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glutamate - a salt or ester of glutamic acid
salt - a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In another experiment, the hippocampus was perfused with ACSF for 25 min to determine the basal concentrations of glutamate in the extracellular fluid; then perfused with 1 mmol [1.sup.-1] DHMBA in ACSF or 10 [micro]mol [1.sup.-1] Zn[Cl.sub.2] in ACSF for 25 min; and, finally, perfused with 1 mmol [1.sup.-1] DHMBA in ACSF containing 100 mmol [1.sup.-1] KCl or 10 [micro]mol [1.sup.-1] Zn[Cl.sub.2] in ACSF containing 100 mmol [1.sup.-1] KCl, respectively, for 5 min.
In the current study adverse effects of monosodium glutamate (MSG) on memory functions were evaluated.
Memantine blocks receptors in the brain that bond with glutamate, a neurotransmitter known to stimulate neurons.
Glutamate is the predominant excitatory neurotransmitter in the CNS, and it is responsible for many key functions, including synaptic plasticity, learning, memory, and locomotion.
A reward pathway in the dorsal raphe nucleus important to drug abuse begins with stimulation of glutamate neurons, according to a study from the National Institutes of Health.
Memantine slows down dementia by reducing the amount of a brain chemical called glutamate.
The rumour alleges that the product contains chicken intestines, nails, and a flavour enhancer called Sodium Glutamate that attacks children's brain cells and may affect the liver and kidneys.
Dubai: The latest rumour surrounding food has targeted the popular brand of chicken stock cubes, claiming that it contained intestines, nails and the compound Sodium Glutamate.
[USPRwire, Fri May 17 2019] Sodium cocoyl glutamate is primarily used as an ingredient in personal care products such as skin care and hair care products.
Summary: Sodium cocoyl glutamate is primarily used as an ingredient in personal care products such as skin care and hair care products.