Working in the superficial plane to external hip rotators, fracture site and when necessary the joint capsule were exposed between either gluteus medius
and piriformis or piriformis and superior gemellus interval (superior portal).
The five muscles are Adductor Magnus, Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius
, Rectus Femoris and Iliacus.
There are three of them: gluteus maximus, the gluteus medius
, and the gluteus minimus.
Of major support for the LPHC is the gluteus medius
Treatment, beyond correction of any biomechanical causes, involves the usual general measures employed in overuse injuries: rest, with possible partial weight bearing; ice; full-anti-inflammatory-dose NSAIDs for at least several weeks; and physical therapy directed at stretching the gluteus medius
and a possibly tight iliotibial band.
Also; it has been found that male football players showed higher gluteus medius
EMG activity than female football players while performing a forward jump single landing task .
Bullock-Saxton, Janda, and Bullock (1994) found that subjects with LBP experienced a delay in gluteus maximus firing while prone and gluteus medius
firing while sidelying.
EMG signals from eight points of the core muscles (rectus abdominis high and low parts, external oblique, latissimus dorsi, gluteus medius
, gluteus maximus, longissimus, and multifidus) were recorded using the EMG equipment (Noraxon Inc.
And here we arrive at our answer, the gluteus medius
Before applying physiotherapy, asymmetry of stiffness of gluteus medius
muscles was the following: 31.6 [+ or -] 5.0% while lying and 24.3 [+ or -] 7.1% while standing.
"In response, the three key muscles that give the buttocks their shape - the gluteus maximus, gluteus medius
and gluteus minimus - become less responsive and generally underactive, leading to poor muscle tone," he said.