glycogen

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gly·co·gen

 (glī′kə-jən)
n.
A polysaccharide, (C6H10O5)n, that is the main form of carbohydrate storage in animals and is found primarily in the liver and muscle tissue. It is readily converted to glucose as needed by the body to satisfy its energy needs. Also called animal starch.

gly′co·gen′ic (-jĕn′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

glycogen

(ˈɡlaɪkəʊdʒən; -dʒɛn)
n
(Biochemistry) a polysaccharide consisting of glucose units: the form in which carbohydrate is stored in the liver and muscles in man and animals. It can easily be hydrolysed to glucose. Also called: animal starch
glycogenic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

gly•co•gen

(ˈglaɪ kə dʒən, -ˌdʒɛn)

n.
a polysaccharide, (C6H10O5)n, composed of glucose isomers, that is the principal carbohydrate stored by the animal body and is readily converted to glucose when needed for energy use.
[1855–60]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

gly·co·gen

(glī′kə-jən)
A carbohydrate stored in the liver and muscles of animals that is converted to glucose for energy when glucose levels in the blood are depleted.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

glycogen

A carbohydrate stored in the liver. It is produced from, but more complex than, glucose. See monosaccharides, polysaccharides.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glycogen - one form in which body fuel is stored; stored primarily in the liver and broken down into glucose when needed by the body
polyose, polysaccharide - any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
Glykogen
glycogeen

glycogen

[ˈglaɪkəʊdʒen] Nglicógeno m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

glycogen

[ˈglaɪkəʊdʒən] nglicogeno
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

gly·co·gen

n. glucógeno, polisacárido usualmente almacenado en el hígado que se convierte en glucosa según lo necesite el organismo;
___ storage diseasehepatina, almacenamiento de glucógeno en el hígado.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
While investigating this as-yet unclear mechanism, the Bochum-based researchers were able to show for the first time that PTEN knockout significantly inhibits an enzyme called glycogen synthase kinase 3, GSK3 for short.
While the pathophysiology of glycogenic hepatopathy or Mauriac syndrome is not fully understood, the most accepted theory is that the presence of insulin and excess glucose activates glycogen synthase phosphatase into activated glycogen synthase, an enzyme required for the conversion of glucose-1-phosphate to glycogen.
Indeed, insulin inhibits the expression of rate-limiting enzymes of gluconeogenesis, that is, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK), fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase), and glucose 6-phosphatase (G6Pase), whereas it activates the key enzyme of glycogen synthesis, that is, glycogen synthase (GS) [1].
In mammalian cells, a positive regulator of Isyna1 transcription is glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3), since loss of GSK3 activity causes myoIns depletion [36].
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) is a multifunctional kinase that is involved in glucose metabolism and other various physiological pathways.
According to current published data, Wntl proteins when binding to their receptors are able to activate another intracellular pathway termed canonical Wnt/B-catenin pathway which leads to inhibition of the downstream glycogen synthase kinase-3[beta] (GSK-3B).
In particular, progressive resistance training is associated with changes in individuals with advanced diabetes with reduced lean body mass, decreased enzyme glycogen synthase (GS) activity, and the conversion of type 2 to type 1 muscle fibers prior to insulin resistance (17).
In the company's cellular and animal models of congenital DM1 and Duchenne muscular dystrophy, as well as in muscle biopsies from patients, the activity of glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3[sz]) has been shown to be increased.
The drug and a substance called glycogen synthase kinase were applied to the tooth on a biodegradable sponge made from collagen.
Alterations in the levels of glycogen and glycogen synthase transcripts during desiccation in the insect-killing nematode Steinernema Feltiae IS-6.
In addition, excessive abnormal phosphorylation of Tau is mainly regulated by glycogen synthase kinase-3[beta] (GSK-3[beta]), Cdk5, MAPK, and other protein kinases.

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