glycolysis


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Related to glycolysis: pyruvate, Electron transport chain

gly·col·y·sis

 (glī-kŏl′ə-sĭs)
n.
A metabolic process that occurs in nearly all living cells in which glucose is converted in a series of steps to pyruvic acid and during which energy is released in the form of ATP.

gly′co·lyt′ic adj.

glycolysis

(ɡlaɪˈkɒlɪsɪs)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem the breakdown of glucose by enzymes into pyruvic and lactic acids with the liberation of energy

gly•col•y•sis

(glaɪˈkɒl ə sɪs)

n.
the catabolism of carbohydrates, as glucose and glycogen, by enzymes, with the release of energy and the production of lactic or pyruvic acid.
[1890–95]
gly`co•lyt′ic (-kəˈlɪt ɪk) adj.
gly`co•lyt′i•cal•ly, adv.

gly·col·y·sis

(glī-kŏl′ə-sĭs)
The process in cell metabolism by which carbohydrates and sugars, especially glucose, are broken down, producing ATP and pyruvic acid.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glycolysis - a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and releases energy for the body in the form of ATP
metabolic process, metabolism - the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
Translations

gly·col·y·sis

n. glicólisis, subdivisión de azúcar en compuestos más simples.
References in periodicals archive ?
Glycolysis is generally considered as the metabolic pathway essential for cell survival since it meets cell energy needs in case of intensive energy consumption.
According to him, the energy is created in three stages: Glycolysis occurring outside mitochondria producing 10% of energy and citric acid cycle and electron transport chain occurring within mitochondria and producing 90% of energy.
They used PET scans to measure the flow of oxygen and glucose in the brain and to determine how much glucose is used for brain development and maturation through a process called aerobic glycolysis versus how much is used for daily activities.
Specifically, tumour cells preferentially take up glucose over normal cells, as they rely on enhanced aerobic glycolysis for their energy supply, a phenomenon known as the Warburg effect.
One of the primary metabolic changes associated with proliferating tumor cells is the induction of aerobic glycolysis. (6) Therefore, most cancer cells use an elevated amount of glucose for anabolic reactions and are more dependent on aerobic glycolytic metabolism to generate ATP than on mitochondrial metabolism.
In babies and young children, a process called aerobic glycolysis is increased to grow and mature the developing brain.
In young brains, more glucose is devoted to aerobic glycolysis, a metabolic process thought to help with brain development and maturation, including brain-cell growth.
Results from in vitro primary human single and multicellular systems were consistent with previously presented Non-IND, IRB Approved Clinical Studies human and in vivo rodent studies, and showed that AXA1125 lowered triglycerides in human hepatocyte cells; suppressed aerobic glycolysis while preserving total ATP levels in human macrophage cells; and reduced ProC3 and other key fibrogenic markers, including reducing the activation and proliferation of human stellate cells.
Among the chemical recycling processes, glycolysis is the one that stands out in the literature and is carried out by successive reactions of transesterification of the urethane bond.
Most cancer cells continue to depend on glucose, but switch over from "cellular respiration" (which requires oxygen), to "glycolysis" (which can happen with or without oxygen).
[18] Glycolysis was inhibited by Al shows that the enzyme involved in glycolysis may be vulnerable to Al toxicity.
"We continue to make progress in the development of our inhibitor of glycolysis, WP1122," commented Donald Picker, Moleculin's CSO.