glycoside


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Related to glycoside: tannin, Cyanogenic glycoside

gly·co·side

 (glī′kə-sīd′)
n.
Any of a group of organic compounds, occurring abundantly in plants, that yield a sugar and one or more nonsugar substances on hydrolysis.

[glycose, a monosaccharide (variant of glucose) + -ide.]

gly′co·sid′ic (-sĭd′ĭk) adj.

glycoside

(ˈɡlaɪkəʊˌsaɪd)
n
(Chemistry) any of a group of substances, such as digitoxin, derived from monosaccharides by replacing the hydroxyl group by another group. Many are important medicinal drugs. See also glucoside
glycosidic adj

gly•co•side

(ˈglaɪ kəˌsaɪd)

n.
any of the class of compounds that yield a sugar and an aglycon upon hydrolysis.
[1925–30; alter. of glucoside, with y from glyco-]
gly`co•sid′ic (-ˈsɪd ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glycoside - a group of compounds derived from monosaccharides
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
glucoside - a glycoside derived from glucose
nucleoside - a glycoside formed by partial hydrolysis of a nucleic acid
strophanthin - a bitter and very toxic glycoside derived from plants of the genus Strophanthus; in moderate doses it is a cardiac stimulant but in larger doses it is a powerful poison; used in Africa as an arrow poison
Translations

glu·co·side

, glycoside
n. glucósido, compuesto natural o sintético que al hidrolizarse libera azúcar.
References in periodicals archive ?
A new benzofuran derivative glycoside and a new coumarin glycoside from roots of Heracleum dissectum Ledeb.
The five samples obtained from the implicated batch were pure white in color and contained cyanogenic glycoside that was equivalent to an average of 88 ppm of cyanide (range = 85-90), more than eight times the recommended safe level of 10 ppm (2).
The venture will combine both companies' technologies for producing steviol glycoside products made through fermentation and will market its products under one brand name, EverSweet.
For products using steviol glycoside, the tax exemption will be enjoyed if they comply with the Joint Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization Expert Committee on Food Additives specifications,' the BIR added.
The control, and five treatments with decreasing levels of Vitamin [D.sub.3] (100, 75, 50, 25 and 0%) with additional bioactive metabolite 1,25[(OH).sub.2][D.sub.3] glycoside in the fixed amount 50mg [kg.sup.-1] of diet, as shown in table 2.
Wilkinson's team harvested each row of vines at maturity, immediately looked at the fruits' composition and observed a big difference between the smoke tainted grapes verses the grapes from protected control groups: glycoside compounds (responsible for volatile phenols) were much more prevalent in the grapes exposed to smoke than those that were not.
For this study, the researchers were specifically investigating glycoside salidroside, one of the main bioactive compounds in Rhodiola.
In 1931, two French chemists isolated the sweet compounds in stevia called glycosides. Stevia's sweetness is extracted by steeping dried stevia leaves in water, then filtering the sweet glycoside compounds out of the liquid.
A total of 37 flavones were found: eupafolin (compound 34), one tricetin glycoside, one diosmetin glycoside, seven chrysoeriol glycosides, nine scutellarein glycosides, seven apigenin glycosides, and eleven luteolin glycosides.
oleifera plant extracts were tentatively characterized as 3-caffeoylquinic acid (CQA) glycoside and 4-CQA glycoside (Table 2) [26].
When high purity stevia extracts first came on the market, they contained primarily Reb A -- the most abundant steviol glycoside in the stevia leaf.
As a result of this interaction, the C-F bond cleaves to give the oxocarbenium ion intermediate that is then attacked by an alcohol to give the glycoside.