glycoside

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Related to glycosidic: Glycosidic bond

gly·co·side

 (glī′kə-sīd′)
n.
Any of a group of organic compounds, occurring abundantly in plants, that yield a sugar and one or more nonsugar substances on hydrolysis.

[glycose, a monosaccharide (variant of glucose) + -ide.]

gly′co·sid′ic (-sĭd′ĭk) adj.

glycoside

(ˈɡlaɪkəʊˌsaɪd)
n
(Chemistry) any of a group of substances, such as digitoxin, derived from monosaccharides by replacing the hydroxyl group by another group. Many are important medicinal drugs. See also glucoside
glycosidic adj

gly•co•side

(ˈglaɪ kəˌsaɪd)

n.
any of the class of compounds that yield a sugar and an aglycon upon hydrolysis.
[1925–30; alter. of glucoside, with y from glyco-]
gly`co•sid′ic (-ˈsɪd ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glycoside - a group of compounds derived from monosaccharides
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
glucoside - a glycoside derived from glucose
nucleoside - a glycoside formed by partial hydrolysis of a nucleic acid
strophanthin - a bitter and very toxic glycoside derived from plants of the genus Strophanthus; in moderate doses it is a cardiac stimulant but in larger doses it is a powerful poison; used in Africa as an arrow poison
Translations

glu·co·side

, glycoside
n. glucósido, compuesto natural o sintético que al hidrolizarse libera azúcar.
References in periodicals archive ?
As the molecular structures of CTA and CS are based on the cellulosic backbones composed of monosaccharide units linked by [beta]-1,4 glycosidic linkages, their FTIR spectra are similar.
Some disaccharides, such as sucrose, do not have this characteristic, hence called non-reducing sugars, and are reduced only after they undergo hydrolysis of the glycosidic bond.
The antioxidant activity of a polysaccharide depends on its combined structural characteristics, including the configuration of the glycosidic bond, molecular weight, and monosaccharide content (Zheng et al.
FTIR spectrograph of grape seed extract (Fig 3) showed bending peaks of O-H between 3100-3400 cm-1 which are associated with the glycosidic groups in PA.
The main components of these compounds are glycosides that consist of a glycon part and an aglycon part connected through a glycosidic bond that can be created by a glycosylation reaction.
Background: Hyaluronidase is part of extracellular bacterial structure that degrade hyaluronic acid, hyaluronidases event by [BETA] elimination of the [BETA]-1,4 glycosidic bond in hyaluronic acid .
1987) from different bacteria, yeast or fungi with variable glycosidic linkages (Ekhart and Timmermans, 1996; Otieno, 2010) based upon enzyme source.
They cleave the glycosidic linkage in the peptidoglycan component of gram-positive bacterial cell walls, which ultimately leads to cell death (Ellison and Giehl, 1991).
In contrast to flavonoid O-glycosides, C-glycosides have a different fragmentation profile, with intra-glycosidic ring cleavage instead of glycosidic linkage breakdown, making their analysis more difficult.
2000) concluded that g-irradiation could increased the total phenolic contents compared with raw samples and that might be due to the decomposition of some insoluble phenolic compounds or could be attributed to the release of phenolic compounds from glycosidic components and the degradation of larger phenolic compounds into smaller ones by g-irradiation (de Camargo et al.
According Masterova, Grancaiova, Uhrinova, Ubik and Nagy (1991), the glycosidic flavonoids are major constituents of the anti-inflammatory effects of calendula.
C-O stretching in C-O-C and C-O-H in the glycosidic ring of Sago starch was observed at the range of 1100-990 [cm.