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A noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid gland, visible as a swelling at the front of the neck, that is often associated with iodine deficiency. Also called struma.

[French goitre, back-formation from Old French goitron, throat, gullet, from Vulgar Latin *guttūriō, guttūriōn-, from Latin guttur.]

goi′trous (-trəs) adj.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Thyroid status and the levels of thyroid auto-antibodies in the sera of hyperthyroid and goitrous subjects.
In general population, there is an estimated 4-7 percent prevalence of goitre worldwide whereas the incidence of malignancy is about 10 percent in goitrous thyroid2.
Antibodies producing complement-mediated thyroid cytotoxicity in patients with atrophic or goitrous autoimmune thyroiditis.
Hashimoto's thyroiditis: countrywide screening of goitrous healthy young girls in post-iodization phase in India.
The author suggested that these lesions more likely represented "metastases of a hypernephroma" (ie, renal cell carcinoma clear cell type) than a degenerative goitrous process.
Goitrous autoimmune thyroiditis in a pediatric population: a longitudinal study.
Calcitonin levels are similar in goitrous euthyroid patients with or without thyroid antibodies, as well as in hypothyroid patients.
According to the Chinese standards that define water iodine value less than 10g/L as iodine-deficient district, and according to an Indian study where iodine content of drinking water in goitrous areas ranged from 3-16g/L as compared to 5-64g/L in non-goitrous areas, iodine content in Saudi water is still found low.
Assessment of therapy in goitrous goats through some cardiac function tests.
It is unclear what factors might be responsible for stronger associations among rural compared with urban residents and in nongoitrous compared with goitrous individuals, but differences in the past intake of dietary iodine could be important.
The comparative study of iron was carried out by taking the biological samples such as serum, urine, serum thyroid hormones, thyroid stimulating hormone, free triiodothyroxine, and free thyroxin of goitrous female patients to find out the deficiency of iron in women [13, 14].