gonadotrophic hormone


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Related to gonadotrophic hormone: adrenocorticotropic hormone
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Noun1.gonadotrophic hormone - hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta; stimulates the gonads and controls reproductive activity
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
follicle-stimulating hormone, FSH - a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary and stimulates growth of Graafian follicles in female mammals, and activates the cells in male mammals that form sperm
HCG, human chorionic gonadotrophin, human chorionic gonadotropin - hormone produced early in pregnancy by the placenta; detection in the urine and serum is the basis for one kind of pregnancy test
ICSH, interstitial cell-stimulating hormone, LH, luteinizing hormone - a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary; stimulates ovulation in female mammals and stimulates androgen release in male mammals
lactogenic hormone, luteotropin, prolactin - gonadotropic hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary; in females it stimulates growth of the mammary glands and lactation after parturition
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
(6,7) The key steps in the development of PCOS are as follows: (4) 1) Increased secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone from a part of the brain called the hypothalamus signals the pituitary gland to produce and secrete abnormal levels of luteinizing hormone, a gonadotrophic hormone that regulates ovarian function throughout the menstrual cycle; (8,9) 2) The increase in luteinizing hormone causes cells in the ovaries to produce and release an abnormal number of androgens, which then triggers PCOS symptoms; and 3) Abnormalities in insulin receptors lead to insulin resistance, which has been identified as a hallmark of PCOS.
The changes in the circulating leukocyte count during the menstrual cycle are associated with the presumptive changes in blood estrogen and the possibility that they are influenced by blood gonadotrophic hormone at the time of ovulation, or by blood progesterone or body temperature during the latter half of the cycle.