gonfalonier


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gon·fa·lon·ier

 (gŏn′fə-lə-nîr′)
n.
The bearer of a gonfalon.

[French, from Italian gonfaloniere, from gonfalone, gonfalon; see gonfalon.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

gonfalonier

(ˌɡɒnfələˈnɪə)
n
(Historical Terms) the chief magistrate or other official of a medieval Italian republic, esp the bearer of the republic's gonfalon
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Piero Soderini, the former Florentine life Gonfalonier, was not an instigator of the 1522 antiMedici conspiracy (p.
in anul 1498 a fost numit secretar al Republicii insa adevarata lui cariera a inceput in 1502 "odata cu venirea lui Piero Soderini ca gonfalonier al Republicii" caruia a stiut sa ii castige increderea si simpatia.
Lorenzo Ridolfi, a lawyer and leading statesman, pushed spiritual sanctions to reassert the authority of the priors against partisanship and factions which divided citizens and thus weakened the Republic in the consulte of January 1429; he had had the top political job in the city, Gonfalonier of Justice, in 1426: Kent, 1978, 22, 215, 241.
WASHINGTON, D.C.: Republicanism was in vogue in 1532 Florence when Alessandro de Medici was declared its head of state and perpetual gonfalonier. But while Florence's first duke won his subjects' affection, those in sympathy with the exiled opposition accused him of using his power to sexually exploit the citizenry.
This fact is exaggerated in Machiavelli's history: Even though Cosimo served three two-month terms as gonfalonier of justice (the highest office), the Histories do not record him in any office except ambassador.(11) Cosimo avoided the envy of his citizen-subjects by striving not to appear to be a prince, so that "in his whole mode of living .
The cobbler Antonio di Ciecho, from whom Petrucci bought his shoes, also took part in the baptism of most of his children, and a daughter born in 1409 was 'given to God' by the doublet maker Manno di Bonuccio di Manno, who was the gonfalonier of Lion Rosso in 1427." D.
Niccolo expressed the hope early in 1438 that Florence was going to evolve into a more basically aristocratic regime like that of Venice, and in November 1465, when holding the highest executive office of Gonfalonier, committed himself fatally to the overthrow of Medici controls upon office-holding.
On 1 November 1502 the office of gonfalonier, the Republic's highest executive office, was transformed from a bimonthly to a life term as Piero Soderini became Florence's first gonfaloniere for life for the express purpose of rendering the government of the city more stable and efficient.
This means that some regimes described by medieval and Renaissance people as monarchical might be described as republican today; examples are the Serenissima Venice, with its lifelong doge, and the Florentine Republic, under which Machiavelli served and which he subsequently upheld as a good example, with Soderini as lifelong gonfalonier. The historical difference between constitutional monarchy and a republic is often semantic.
Was it in fact "realism," or good old-fashioned class prejudice, that led him, in the Disco rso di Logrogno, to recommend reforms through which the Great Council and the office of the lifetime Gonfalonier would in essence have neutralized each other, while real power in his reorganized "popular" government would have gone to a Senate of "wise men and "the best citizens," at least half of whom would have been appointed for life?