gonfalon(redirected from gonfanon)
A banner suspended from a crosspiece, especially as a standard in an ecclesiastical procession or as the ensign of a medieval Italian republic.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Historical Terms) a banner hanging from a crossbar, used esp by certain medieval Italian republics or in ecclesiastical processions
2. (Heraldry) a battle flag suspended crosswise on a staff, usually having a serrated edge to give the appearance of streamers
[C16: from Old Italian gonfalone, from Old French gonfalon, of Germanic origin; compare Old English gūthfana war banner, Old Norse gunnfani]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
gon•fa•lon(ˈgɒn fə lən)
1. a banner suspended from a crossbar, often with several streamers or tails.
2. a standard, esp. one used by the medieval Italian republics.
[1585–95; < Italian gonfalone < Middle French gonfalon, gonfanon, Old French gunfanun < Frankish *gundfano; compare Old High German gund, Old English gūth battle, Old High German, Old Saxon fano cloth, flag (see vane)]
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