Chromosomal resistance to antibiotics in gonococci
Corkill et al., "Penicillinase producing gonococci
in Liverpool," The Lancet, vol.
coli Co-trimoxazole, streptomycin, tetracycline, ampicillin, quinolones, and cephalosporins Mozambique, Neisseria Ceftriaxone and South Africa meningitides chloramphenicol Zimbabwe Gonococci
isolates Trimethoprim + sulfamethoxazole Rwanda Shigella Chloramphenicol, ampicillin, and trimethoprim Kenya H.
Nongonococcal urethritis is emerge due to bacterial infection other than those caused by gonococci
. Commonly bacterial causes of nongonococcal urethritis comprises: CHYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.
These geographic patterns seem to support the idea that importation of resistant strains from other regions of the world, such as eastern Asia, is a primary factor of the emergence of resistant gonococci
in the United States (5-9).
Interpretation of Gram's Stain and Culture Results of Urethral Discharge (For Gonococci
) Result Gram's Stain Culture Results Positive 86 86 Negative 14 14 Total 100 100 Table 7.
Both Chlamydia and gonococci
antibody were negative.
Changing resistance patterns of gonococci
led to the adaptation of respective national guidelines.
That's both because of a higher prevalence of tetracycline resistance among circulating gonococci
and azithromycin's activity against Chlamydia trachomatis, as patients with gonococcal infections are frequently co-infected with this organism.
Among the purulent excretion specimens from the patients' paraurethral ducts, 10 had detectable gonococci
, 6 had Staphylococcus aureus , 5 had Chlamydia trachomatis , and 2 had Escherichia coli .
Table-1: Laboratory tests Infections Test Performed Candidiasis Gram stain, Culture Bacterial Vaginosis Gram stain Trichomoniasis Wet mount microscopy Gonococci
Gram stain HIV ELISA Syphilis RPR test Hepatitis Hepatitis B Surface antigen Table-2: Socio-demographic profile of study population Socio Demographic Frequency (%) Characteristics Age (Years) [less than or equal to]25 68 (45.3) >25 82 (54.7) Occupation House wife 133 (88.7) Working (employed) 17 (11.3) Location Urban 131 (87.3) Rural 19 (12.7) Migrant status 62 (41.3) Married 143 (95.3) Marital Status Divorcee 1 (0.7) Widow 6 (4) Total 150 (100) Table-3: Varied distribution of symptoms Symptoms * No.
indica is also widely used in traditional medicine in Africa for the treatment of many diseases such as fever, dysentery, jaundice, gonococci
and gastrointestinal disorders (Khairunnuur et al., 2009).