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Related to govern: government officials
v. gov·erned, gov·ern·ing, gov·erns
1. To make and administer the public policy and affairs of (a state, for example); exercise sovereign authority over.
2. To control the speed or magnitude of; regulate: a valve that governs fuel intake.
3. To control the actions or behavior of: Govern yourselves like civilized people.
4. To keep under control; restrain: a student who could not govern his impulses.
5. To exercise a deciding or determining influence on: Chance usually governs the outcome of the game.
6. Grammar To require (a specific morphological form) of accompanying words.
1. To exercise political authority.
2. To have or exercise a determining influence.
[Middle English governen, from Old French governer, from Latin gubernāre, from Greek kubernān.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
vb (mainly tr)
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (also intr) to direct and control the actions, affairs, policies, functions, etc, of (a political unit, organization, nation, etc); rule
2. to exercise restraint over; regulate or direct: to govern one's temper.
3. to be a predominant influence on (something); decide or determine (something): his injury governed his decision to avoid sports.
4. (Automotive Engineering) to control the speed of (an engine, machine, etc) using a governor
5. (Automotive Engineering) to control the rate of flow of (a fluid) by using an automatic valve
6. (Linguistics) (of a word) to determine the inflection of (another word): Latin nouns govern adjectives that modify them.
[C13: from Old French gouverner, from Latin gubernāre to steer, from Greek kubernan]
ˌgovernaˈbility, ˈgovernableness n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
1. to rule by right of authority, as a sovereign does: to govern a nation.
2. to exercise a directing or restraining influence over; guide: the motives governing a decision.
3. to hold in check; control: to govern one's temper.
4. to serve as or constitute a law for: the principles governing a case.
5. (of a word or class of words) to require the use of a particular form of (another word or class).
6. to regulate the speed of (an engine) with a governor.v.i.
7. to exercise the function of government.
8. to have predominating influence.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Old French gouverner < Latin gubernāre to steer (a ship) < Greek kybernân to steer]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
govern- From Greek kubernan, "to steer."
See also related terms for steer.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
Past participle: governed
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
Switch to new thesaurus
|Verb||1.||govern - bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage; impose regulations; "We cannot regulate the way people dress"; "This town likes to regulate"|
standardize, standardise - cause to conform to standard or norm; "The weights and measures were standardized"
decide, make up one's mind, determine - reach, make, or come to a decision about something; "We finally decided after lengthy deliberations"
|2.||govern - direct or strongly influence the behavior of; "His belief in God governs his conduct"|
|3.||govern - exercise authority over; as of nations; "Who is governing the country now?"|
control, command - exercise authoritative control or power over; "control the budget"; "Command the military forces"
throne - sit on the throne as a ruler
misgovern - govern badly
dictate - rule as a dictator
reign - have sovereign power; "Henry VIII reigned for a long time"
|4.||govern - require to be in a certain grammatical case, voice, or mood; "most transitive verbs govern the accusative case in German"|
necessitate, need, require, call for, demand, postulate, involve, ask, take - require as useful, just, or proper; "It takes nerve to do what she did"; "success usually requires hard work"; "This job asks a lot of patience and skill"; "This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice"; "This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert"; "This intervention does not postulate a patient's consent"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
1. rule, lead, control, command, manage, direct, guide, handle, conduct, order, reign over, administer, oversee, supervise, be in power over, call the shots, call the tune, hold sway over, superintend They go to the polls on Friday to choose the people they want to govern their country.
2. determine, decide, guide, rule, influence, underlie, sway Marine insurance is governed by a strict series of rules and regulations.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
1. To have charge of (the affairs of others):
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
يُأثِّر تأثيرا شديدايَحْكُم
ákvarîa , stjórnast, hafa áhrif ástjórna
1. (= rule) [+ country] → gobernar
3. (Ling) → regir
B. VI (Pol) → gobernar
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
vi [party, ruler] → gouverner
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
(= control: rules, laws etc) → bestimmen; (legislation) → regeln; (= determine, influence) choice, decision → bestimmen, beeinflussen; development, person, actions → beeinflussen; life → beherrschen; regulations governing the sale of spirits → Bestimmungen über den Verkauf von Spirituosen; strict rules governing how much they can earn → strenge Vorschriften darüber, wie viel sie verdienen dürfen; to be governed by somebody’s wishes → sich nach jds Wünschen richten
(= hold in check) passions etc → beherrschen; (Mech) speed, engine → regulieren; to govern one’s temper → sich beherrschen
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
govern[ˈgʌv/ən] vt (rule, country) → governare; (subj, king) → regnare (in); (control, business) → dirigere; (city) → amministrare; (choice, decision) → regolare; (person) → guidare; (emotions) → dominare (Gram) → reggere
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
1. to rule. The queen governed (the country) wisely and well. regeer يَحْكُم управлявам governar vládnout regieren regere; styre κυβερνώgobernar valitsema حکومت کردن hallita gouverner לִמשׁוֹל शासन करना voditi, upravljati kormányoz memerintah stjórna governare 治める 지배하다 valdyti valdīt; vadīt memerintah regerenstyre, regjere, herskerządzić حكومت كول، سنبالول governar a guverna править vládnuť vladati vladati styra, regera [över] ปกครอง yönetmek, idare etmek 統治 керувати, правити حکومت کرنا cai trị 统治
2. to influence. Our policy is governed by three factors. bestuur يُأثِّر تأثيرا شديدا насочвам reger ovládat bestimmen bestemme; betinget διέπω, επηρεάζωregir juhtima تحت تاثیر قرار دادن؛ اعمال کردن säädellä régir לְהַשפִּיע प्रभाव डालना utjecati na irányít mempengaruhi ákvarða(st), stjórnast, hafa áhrif á reggere, guidare 影響する 영향을 미치다 sąlygoti noteikt; ietekmēt mempengaruhi leiden, beheersen, bepalenpåvirke, være bestemt av determinować سنبالول reger a influenţa обуславливать ovládať vplivati uticati styra, reglera มีอิทธิพล yönlendirmek, yönetmek 影響 регулювати متاثر کرنا chi phối 影响
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