Therefore, in these forums and meetings, narratives about work and education in the programs take place, as well as operations and strategies to know everyone and each one, classify the participants, governmentalize
. We highlight that there is nothing bad in this.
He explores how fantasies that manage antagonisms in the political culture of the United States reach into "the most intimate recesses of its subjects' psyches" (14), that is, how they governmentalize
"the people" (4).
I say "governmentalize
" because in treating government involvement in morals and culture, we need to see not only the coercions, notably taxation and restrictions on would-be competitors, but also the large role of the governmental institutions that those coercions create and sustain.
But in looking at the role of international organizations, we are also raising the question of whether governmentality can also be imposed from the outside; that is to say, can international organizations order states to governmentalize
The effect is that the benefits of choosing an agent (privatization) are lost because privatization "tends to governmentalize
the private sector" (Kettl 1993, 14).
Small but vocal group which opposed "the Clintonista plan to governmentalize
Thus, the ability to governmentalize
a population is a precondition for the acquisition and sustenance of a state-like formation with any political potency by any ruling apparatus.
David Bray relates his study of master planning to elites by arguing that there has emerged "a dominant elite discourse of urban planning that defines, informs, structures and governmentalizes
the ongoing transformation of China's built environment." (p.76) Besides Foucault's governmentality, the author also acknowledges the influence of Latour and a school of urban geographers who argue the built environment has agency.
In their study of American reality television, Laurie Ouellette and James Hay place television in "an analytic of government" that emphasizes television as "a cultural technology that, working outside 'public powers,' governmentalizes
by presenting individuals and populations as objects of assessment and intervention, and by soliciting their participation in the cultivation of particular habits, ethics, behaviours, and skills." (11) Ouellette and Hay cite the work of Foucauldian scholar Nikolas Rose (12) in their explanation of how television governmentalizes