grammatical category


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Related to grammatical category: Lexical category
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Noun1.grammatical category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
grammar - the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)
grammatical case, case - nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence
form class, part of speech, word class - one of the traditional categories of words intended to reflect their functions in a grammatical context
number - the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural); "in English the subject and the verb must agree in number"
person - a grammatical category used in the classification of pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms according to whether they indicate the speaker, the addressee, or a third party; "stop talking about yourself in the third person"
gender, grammatical gender - a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness
tense - a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time
participant role, semantic role - (linguistics) the underlying relation that a constituent has with the main verb in a clause
category, class, family - a collection of things sharing a common attribute; "there are two classes of detergents"
References in periodicals archive ?
The objectives of the current paper are: 1) to define the pronoun as a grammatical category and means of impersonal presentation in the English language, 2) to determine the most frequently used classes of pronouns as means of impersonal presentation in English quality press, 3) to identify the reasons for the use of this impersonalization strategy in the quality press, and 4) to compare the frequency of use of the pronouns as means of impersonal presentation.
In the languages which have the grammatical category of gender, personified images are stenciled basically along the lines suggested by the grammatical gender of the nouns that denote those objects and notions that undergo personification.
Articles as a grammatical category are not present in all modern European languages, even though they are considered a feature of the so-called Standard Average European (van der Auwera 2011: 293).
In the last two decades, evidentiality as a semantic and grammatical category has shown an increase in attention from researchers (Bybee 1985; Evidentiality 1986; Willett 1988; Aikhenvald 2004).
However, the core intuition of Ross does not necessarily argue in favour of this approach: it could be, also, that each property corresponds to a formal feature and features combine in different ways inside heads or configurations that collectively define a grammatical category.
Arakaki examines the marks of evidence that control the source of speaker identification, then analyzes Luchuan grammar the direct evidence of verb morphology, the inferential and assumed evidence, the reportive evidence as a contribution to the study of evidentiality in Luchuan, and the typological and theoretical study of evidentiality as a grammatical category.
The purpose of this analysis was to test whether the words-in-isolation strategy would equally favor all words from all grammatical categories, or whether, on the contrary, most words found in isolation belonged just to a specific grammatical category such as noun or verb.
Hence results of the grammatical category help the researcher to sustain her claim that G-1 was much sensitive towards the acquisition of the language specific rule as the grammatical constructions were designed with no sub agency and the ECP violation.
The dictionary section (166 pages) contains 115 double-column pages of Gathang headwords followed by an English translation (referred to as a 'definition' in the introduction), grammatical category information, illustrative sentences, cross-references (both to the grammar and to synonyms and variant forms in the dictionary), data from neighbouring languages, and all source data in its original form.
In the case of demonstratives, the grammatical category number was the main cause of error, since the demonstrative was used in the singular when the head of the noun phrase was in the plural.
Languages like Brazilian Portuguese or English (CHAFE, 1986) do not encode evidentiality as an obligatory grammatical category, but such languages can develop devices to indicate mirativity, providing evidence to support the claim that the latter is indeed a distinct universal semantic category, as DeLancey (1997) suggests.