Among the topics are word order, non-verbal participles in Basque and Spanish, complex causative verbs and causes in Basque and Romance, and grammaticalization
processes in causal subordination.
The subsequent sections propose an account of multifunctionality in terms of grammaticalization
, where [section]2 focuses on derivation and [section]3 on inflection.
It is relevant for this study to briefly mention the paths of grammaticalization
that involve 3rd person pronouns, which also involve demonstratives, copulas, and focus markers.
The newer functions of faigh also have many properties identified as incipient categories in the grammaticalization
process (Stenson 2012 : 1363-1364).
A parallel construction in Catalan probably gave rise to the grammaticalization
of anar for past reference, as opposed to the retention of the synthetic preterite in Valencian and literary Catalan (cf.
Beths (1999: 1081) claims that this kind of co-occurrence "is characteristic of verbs undergoing grammaticalization
and is an indication of the bleaching of the (lexical) meaning of the verb".
This paper was motivated by the authors' serendipitous discovery that a computer simulation of the emergence of case marking produced results that are uncannily similar to attested grammaticalization
pathways and patterns of core case marking observed in the grammars of many Tibeto-Burman (henceforth TB) languages with pragmatically-motivated case marking.
This led to the decay of the primitive meanings of the terms under investigation, which first underwent lexicalization and, later, grammaticalization
, as they developed new metaphorical meanings.
(2) This is in connection with the fact that the grammaticalization
chain leading from the number meaning 'one' to the indefinite article via the indefinite determiner (indefinite pronoun, to be more accurate) is considered a linguistic universal, or as "a reasonable candidate for a linguistic quasi-universal" (Weiss 2004: 141).