grammaticalize


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gram·mat·i·cal·ize

 (grə-măt′ĭ-kə-līz′)
tr.v. gram·mat·i·cal·ized, gram·mat·i·cal·iz·ing, gram·mat·i·cal·iz·es
To change (a content word) into a function word or a grammatical affix.

gram·mat′i·cal·i·za′tion (-lĭ-zā′shən) n.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is common for demonstratives to grammaticalize into 3rd person pronouns.
In TB languages as well as in many other head-final languages of the world, nouns are typically found to grammaticalize as case-marking postpositions from appositional or genitival constructions that initially encode concrete spatial meanings, such as location, source and goal (DeLancey 1984: 62; Aristar 1991; LaPolla 1995: 214, 2004; and Coupe 2011b: 506).
Furthermore, in drawing on the quadripartita ratio to grammaticalize these newly articulated practices made possible by the discrete image, we hope to provide scholars of visual argument an expanded theoretical vocabulary and new ways of thinking about cultural critique.
The new cultural theorists, namely youth, invent, express, and grammaticalize their own lives and, in turn, so-called cultural theorists (academics) come in some time later and attempt to theorize and to make sense of youth's lives.
Deixis concerns the ways in which languages grammaticalize information about the person(s), place and time of an utterance.
Time deixis involves the expression of a contrast between "now" and "not-now" or "then" and includes expressions such as "now," "then," "later," "today," "yesterday," "tomorrow," "ago." Tense contrasts are also deictic, as they grammaticalize "the relationship which holds between the time of the situation that is being described and the temporal zero-point of the deictic context" (Lyons 678).
The interesting point is that a language chooses to grammaticalize this fact.
Levinson (1983:54) verklaar verder: Essentially, deixis concerns the ways in which languages encode or grammaticalize features of the context of utterance or speech event and thus also concern ways in which the interpretation of utterances depends on the analysis of that context of utterance.
Before these stages can actually be applied to the explanation of the structure and behaviour of complex categories, so as to explain why some languages grammaticalize more and at a faster pace than others, an exhaustive typology of context, both internal, with an emphasis on suprasegmental patterns, and external, as a meaning trigger seems indispensable for grammaticalization studies.
Timberlake (1977: 148) sees ambiguity as an absolutely necessary "weak" precondition of reanalysis; by contrast, pure grammaticalization does not need lexical forms to have ambiguous meanings in order to grammaticalize them.
It is recognized that in fact larger units can grammaticalize, although this is seen as a problem:
Such uneven degree of grammaticalization can be explained by the fact that it is an ongoing process whereby more frequent members of the series grammaticalize faster than the rest, since frequency is a primary contributor to this process (Bybee 2007: 336).