cerebellum

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cer·e·bel·lum

 (sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
n. pl. cer·e·bel·lums or cer·e·bel·la (-bĕl′ə)
The trilobed structure of the brain, lying posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata and inferior to the occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.

[Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum, brain; see ker- in Indo-European roots.]

cer′e·bel′lar (-bĕl′ər) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cerebellum

(ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm)
n, pl -lums or -la (-lə)
(Anatomy) one of the major divisions of the vertebrate brain, situated in man above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum, whose function is coordination of voluntary movements and maintenance of bodily equilibrium
[C16: from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum]
ˌcereˈbellar adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

cer•e•bel•lum

(ˌsɛr əˈbɛl əm)

n., pl. -bel•lums, -bel•la (-ˈbɛl ə)
the rounded portion of the brain, directly behind the cerebrum in birds and mammals, that serves mainly to coordinate movement, posture, and balance.
[1555–65; < Latin: brain, diminutive of cerebrum (for formation see castle)]
cer`e•bel′lar, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

cer·e·bel·lum

(sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
The part of the vertebrate brain that is located below the cerebrum at the rear of the skull and coordinates balance and muscle activity. In humans and other mammals, the cerebellum is made up of two connecting parts, called hemispheres, consisting of a core of white matter surrounded by gray matter.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

cerebellum


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The largest part of the hindbrain, sprouting below the back of the cerebrum. It helps produce smoothly controlled and coordinated muscular movements.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate braincerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
arteria cerebelli, cerebellar artery - an artery that supplies the cerebellum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
cerebellar hemisphere - either of two lateral lobes of the cerebellum
dentate nucleus - a large laminar nucleus of grey matter within the white matter of each cerebral hemisphere
vermis, vermis cerebelli - the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
paleocerebellum - the anterior lobe of the cerebellum which was one of the earliest parts of the hindbrain to develop in mammals
hindbrain, rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
mozeček
pikkuaivot

cerebellum

[ˌserɪˈbeləm] N (cerebellums or cerebella (pl)) [ˌserɪˈbelə]cerebelo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

cerebellum

nKleinhirn nt, → Zerebellum nt (spec)
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

cerebellum

[ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm] n (Anat) → cervelletto
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

cer·e·bel·lum

n. cerebelo, parte posterior del cerebro, centro de coordinación de los movimientos musculares voluntarios.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cerebellum

n cerebelo
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thickening of the granular layer and marked psoriasiform hyperplasia of the epidermis were observed.
The exfoliative toxin binds to desmoglin-1, one of the desmosomal proteins of the skin, causing acantholysis at the level of the granular layer and blister formation.
Wickham striae are a pathognomonic sign of LP and histologically represent the focal thickening of the granular layer of the epidermis.
1B), the cerebellar cortex was composed of three distinct layers: the molecular layer, the Purkinje layer and granular layer, respectively, from the outermost to innermost layers.
Immunohistochemical staining revealed significant increase in number of proliferated cells in granular layer of dentate gyrus in the EPO group comparing with the positive control group (P < 0.001) which showed only a small number of new proliferated cells in section, whereas there were no significant proliferated cells in the sections from negative control group.
Since the behaviour of a disconnected piled raft foundation subjected to horizontal or dynamic loads is considered fairly complex due to the interaction mechanisms among the raft, the granular layer, piles, and soil, the design procedure should include the effect of these mechanisms in an appropriate manner.
Histopathology showed epidermal acanthosis, deep epidermal invagination of a parakeratotic column (cornoid lamella), which is distinctive feature of PEODDN with absent granular layer .
OOC (orthokertinized odontogenic cyst) is a developmental cyst with which is more common in the 4th decade of life, males are more frequently affected then females.14 orthokeratinized variant shows orthkeratinization, a squamous basal layer, a granular layer and keratin present in the cyst.
Histopathological examination revealed hyperkeratosis, acanthosis, loss of granular layer, supra-papillary thinning, dilated papillary dermal vessels, and a perivascular chronic inflammatory infiltrate in the dermis s/o psoriasis vulgaris (Figure 2).
Epidermoid, dermoid, teratoma, and teratoid cysts are lined by keratinized stratified squamous epithelium with distinct granular layer. Trichilemmal cysts do not have granular layer.
Darve, "Physical processes within a 2D granular layer during an impact," Granular Matter, vol.
In normal newborns, the external granular layer appeared wide at D7 (Figure 6(a)), thin at D15 (Figure 6(b)), and disappeared completely at D30 (Figure 6(c)).