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Related to grapheme: Graphene


1. A letter of an alphabet.
2. All of the letters and letter combinations that represent a phoneme, as f, ph, and gh for the phoneme /f/.

[graph + -eme.]

gra·phe′mic (gră-fē′mĭk) adj.
gra·phe′mi·cal·ly adv.


(Linguistics) linguistics one of a set of orthographic symbols (letters or combinations of letters) in a given language that serve to distinguish one word from another and usually correspond to or represent phonemes, e.g. the f in fun, the ph in phantom, and the gh in laugh
[C20: from Greek graphēma a letter]
graˈphemic adj
graˈphemically adv


(ˈgræf im)

1. a minimal unit of a writing system.
2. a unit of a writing system consisting of all the written symbols or sequences of written symbols that are used to represent a single phoneme.
[1935–40; < Greek gráph(ein) to write + -eme]
gra•phe′mic, adj.
gra•phe′mi•cal•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.grapheme - a written symbol that is used to represent speechgrapheme - a written symbol that is used to represent speech; "the Greek alphabet has 24 characters"
printed symbol, written symbol - a written or printed symbol
allograph - a variant form of a grapheme, as `m' or `M' or a handwritten version of that grapheme
check character - a character that is added to the end of a block of transmitted data and used to check the accuracy of the transmission
superscript, superior - a character or symbol set or printed or written above and immediately to one side of another character
subscript, inferior - a character or symbol set or printed or written beneath or slightly below and to the side of another character
ASCII character - any member of the standard code for representing characters by binary numbers
ligature - character consisting of two or more letters combined into one
capital letter, majuscule, uppercase, upper-case letter, capital - one of the large alphabetic characters used as the first letter in writing or printing proper names and sometimes for emphasis; "printers once kept the type for capitals and for small letters in separate cases; capitals were kept in the upper half of the type case and so became known as upper-case letters"
lowercase, lower-case letter, minuscule, small letter - the characters that were once kept in bottom half of a compositor's type case
type - printed characters; "small type is hard to read"
percent sign, percentage sign - a sign (`%') used to indicate that the number preceding it should be understood as a proportion multiplied by 100
asterisk, star - a star-shaped character * used in printing
dagger, obelisk - a character used in printing to indicate a cross reference or footnote
diesis, double dagger, double obelisk - a character used in printing to indicate a cross reference or footnote
alphabetic character, letter of the alphabet, letter - the conventional characters of the alphabet used to represent speech; "his grandmother taught him his letters"
blank, space - a blank character used to separate successive words in writing or printing; "he said the space is the most important character in the alphabet"
phonetic symbol - a written character used in phonetic transcription of represent a particular speech sound
mathematical symbol - a character that is used to indicates a mathematical relation or operation
rune, runic letter - any character from an ancient Germanic alphabet used in Scandinavia from the 3rd century to the Middle Ages; "each rune had its own magical significance"
pictograph - a graphic character used in picture writing
ideogram, ideograph - a graphic character that indicates the meaning of a thing without indicating the sounds used to say it; "Chinese characters are ideograms"
radical - a character conveying the lexical meaning of a logogram
stenograph - a shorthand character


[ˈgræfiːm] Ngrafema m


nGraphem nt
References in periodicals archive ?
Regarding the learning sequence of reading and writing with children, some authors (9) describe it in three stages: logographic (visual pattern reading, in general, as if it were a drawing, when it appears in an invariable context, thru memorization), alphabetical (reading from word segmentation in its constituents, from the phoneme association corresponding to each grapheme, from the junction of all phonemes to read the whole word, the meaning comes out of derived sound and not from visualization of the whole word) and orthographic (word recognition happens in a global way, from morphemes and analogies, reading is more instantaneous and writing goes with orthographic pattern closer to the language rules and not so dependent of conversion between graphemes and phonemes).
If you want to strikethrough, use the tilde grapheme (~text~)
Words with phonologically regular constituents may require encoding of individual phonemes into their corresponding grapheme units (Garcia et al.
Other frequent spelling mistakes include splitting of words, as in (16); or errors deriving from the absence of a required grapheme or the presence of an unrequired one, such as double consonants not doubled, as in (17); and absence of a vowel, as in (18).
Equally problematic is the rendering of the voiceless palatal fricative, so common in Sicilian vernaculars, with the grapheme h.
From the perspective of the central process, the visual-sound correspondence that resembles the grapheme to phoneme conversion used in alphabetic scripts may not exist in Chinese.
This method offers a number of phonological awareness activities, where each grapheme is formed from a drawing that has the shape of the grapheme and that starts with that sound, so that the relationship is no longer arbitrary It also contains a large number of activities to contribute to increasing pupils' vocabulary.
Reading instruction which simply focuses on phoneme to grapheme correspondence does not support the more sophisticated levels of word analysis used by advanced readers.
Each of the parts is split into Practising and Progressing with the aim of developing 'speed and accuracy of grapheme (letter) recognition'.
Shi, Flexible grapheme films via the filtration of water soluble covalent functionalized grapheme sheets, J.
The vehicle is claimed to be the first supercar to be built partially from grapheme.