All the species in the shallow water group are: gag, black grouper, red grouper, scamp, red hind, rock hind, coney, graysby
, yellowfin grouper, and yellow mouth grouper.
This group included grunts (Haemulon spp.), except for the striped grunt; snapper (Lutjanus spp.); grouper (Mycteroperca spp., Epinephelus spp., and the graysby
, Cephalopholis cruentata), except for the red grouper; triggerfish (Batistes spp.); and the hogfish (Lachnolaimus maximus).
Reproductive biology of the Panama Graysby
, Cephalopholis pumamensis (Teleostei: Epinephelidae), from the Gulf of California Journal of Fish Biology 76:1312-1328.
Aggregate species include: gag, black, snowy, misty, red, scamp, yellowedge, yellowfin, yellowmouth grouper; blueline, sand, golden tilefish; coney, graysby
, red hind and rock hind.
Simulation of the impact of fishing on reproduction of a protogynous grouper, the graysby
. North Am.
The most prevalent grouper found in the surveys were the Graysby
Grouper, Cephalopholis cruentatus (Lacepede, 1802), which is one of the smallest species belonging to the grouper family.
Jack (family) Carangidae Graysby
Cephalopholis cruentata Tattler Serranus phoebe Squirrelfishes (family) Holocentridae Rainbow runner Elagatis bipinnulata Black margate Anisotremus surinamensis Bigeye scad Selar crumenophthalmus Bluntnose sixgill shark Hexanchus griseus Red hind Epinephelus guttatus Grouper (genus) Mycteroperca Scorpionfish Scorpaena sp.
This includes gag, black, red, scamp, coney, rock hind, red hind, yellowfin, yellowmouth and graysby
Smaller grouper such as coney, Cephalopholis fulva, and graysby
Black, red, gag and scamp are the famous four, but the list includes: red hind, rock hind, coney, graysby
, yellowfin and yellowmouth grouper.
Cephalopholis cruentatus (graysby
), one of the more abundant species, was collected across the transect across the straits, but was collected most frequently on the eastern side at the preflexion stage, whereas flexion and postflexion stage larvae were collected across the transect, occurring at no stations significantly more or less frequently (Fig.
Hamlets V Hypoplectrus puella Barred hamlet V Serranus tigrinus Harlequin bass V Cephalopholis cruentatus Graysby
V Cephalopholis fulvus Coney V P Epinephelus guttatus Red hind V P Epinephelus mystacinus Misty grouper L Mycteroperca rubra Comb grouper D Mycteroperca tigirs Tiger grouper Sn Paranthias furcifer Creolefish V P Rypticus saponaceus Greater soapfish V Malacanthidae Malacanthus plumieri Sand tilefish V P Carangidae Elagatis bipinnulata Rainbow runner P Seriola sp.