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gri·ot(grē-ō′, grē′ō, grē′ŏt)
A storyteller in western Africa who perpetuates the oral tradition and history of a village or family.
[French, alteration of guiriot, perhaps ultimately from Portuguese criado, domestic servant, from Latin creātus, one brought up or trained, from past participle of creāre, to produce, bring up; see create.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Anthropology & Ethnology) (in Western Africa) a member of a caste responsible for maintaining an oral record of tribal history in the form of music, poetry, and storytelling
[C20: from French guirot, perhaps from Portuguese criado domestic servant]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
gri•ot(griˈoʊ, ˈgri oʊ, ˈgri ɒt)
a member of a hereditary caste among the peoples of W Africa whose main function is to keep an oral history of the tribe or village.
[1955–60; < French, earlier guiriot, perhaps ultimately < Portuguese criado domestic servant]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.