ground layer


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ground layer

n
(Biology) See layer2
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0 m 2 Remove vegetation layer, discard, - 3 250,0 m 2 Above ground layer remove load promote store Abrasion-D 10-20cm, - 30.
However, the higher slopes of the hill will be warm, as the low circulation mixes the ground layer with neighboring warm air.
The species attrition hypothesis, originally applied to seed banks (Bond, 1984) and extended to predicting the response of ground layer species richness and traits to woody encroachment in oak woodlands (Taft, 2009), provides a framework for examining changes in shrub and sapling-encroached native grasslands.
Not so Eastaugh's analysis, which identified the pigment titanium white--unavailable in 1914--in the ground layer of the picture.
The aquatic layer was comprised of submerged or floating plants; the ground layer was restricted to bryophytes; the herbaceous stratum was characterized as vegetation less than 1 m in height; the shrub layer was characterized as vegetation with diameter at breast height (DBH) [less than or equal to] 4 cm; the tree layer was characterized as vegetation with living stems > 4 cm DBH.
In this paper, parasitic capacitance of integrated EMI filter is effectively cancelled by using modified ground layer.
In early stage on designing proposed WPD, a ground layer was introduced where this design only satisfied for narrow band operating frequency.
TEPCO has denied the faults are active under existing guidelines, but, for example, the beta fault could be categorized as active under the new definition because it has displaced a ground layer including volcanic ash dating back 240,000 years.
According to Samtec, "Single-ended traces are referenced to an adjacent ground layer.
the top microstrip layer (MSL) and the bottom defected ground layer (DGL).
In August 2002, vegetation of the ground layer in each of the five sites was sampled by using 20 line transects that were 5 m long; the end point of each transect was placed on 20 of the permanent stakes that were used in the overstory transects (n 5 100 quadrats/ site).
The presence of loose material below the ground layer was ignored.