ground state

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ground state

n.
The state of least possible energy in a physical system, as of elementary particles. Also called ground level.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ground state

or

ground level

n
(General Physics) the lowest energy state of an atom, molecule, particle, etc. Compare excited4
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ground′ state`


n.
the state of least energy of a particle, as an atom, or of a system of particles.
[1925–30]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ground state

The state of lowest possible energy, especially of subatomic particles. When subatomic particles, such as electrons and neutrons, are at a higher level of energy than their ground states, they emit radiation.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ground state - (physics) the lowest energy state of an atom or other particle
state - the way something is with respect to its main attributes; "the current state of knowledge"; "his state of health"; "in a weak financial state"
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
état fondamental
References in periodicals archive ?
Luyken, "Many-particle ground states and excitations in nanometer-size quantum structures," Physica B: Condensed Matter, vol.
The third ground states that she committed graft and corruption and betrayed public trust for not recusing herself from the SALN-related case of Dino vs.
After three lectures on statistical mechanics, four or five lectures each cover packing, coding, and ground states; entropy, probability and packing; ideas about self-assembly; the effects of particle shape in orientationally ordered soft materials; statistical mechanics and nonlinear elasticity; and quantitative stochastic homogenization: the local control of homogenization error through corrector.
At present time, many radial excitations of the mesons and baryons which carry the same spin-parity quantum numbers as the ground states are observed in experiments [1].
Most semibullvalenes (e.g., the parent 1) have localized ground states (1, 1') and undergo the Cope rearrangement via an aromatic transition state (1 [double dagger]).
Table 1: Key geometry parameters for the ground states of cis- and trans-SP forms as well as the corresponding mode compounds (bond distance in angstroms and dihedral angles in deg).
It exhibits two different ground states, each characterized by its specific transition energy to the next excited state.
Li and Wang have performed first-principles calculations on the ground states of both neutral and anionic [Al.sub.12]X (X = C, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb) clusters [8].
To gain the 270 electoral votes he needs for election, he would need to win most of the battle ground states. Currently, Obama appears to have at least a small lead in all those states except for North Carolina, where recent polls have shown the two tied.
This ground states that a child was or was likely to become a member of the same household as a Schedule 1 offender, that is someone who has committed one of the offences against children listed in Schedule 1 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995.
The first line of table 1 contains data of the ground states of the I = 1/2 [sup.31]P and [sup.31]S nuclei.
Individual paper topics include Sobolev constants in disconnected domains, the minimum energy problem for a semilinear control system in Hilbert spaces, and exact convergence rate in the Gauss-Kuzmin-Levy problems, bifurcation in coupled Hopf oscillators, and ground states and multiple solutions for the Henon equation.