gruff


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gruff

 (grŭf)
adj. gruff·er, gruff·est
1. Brusque or stern in manner or appearance: a gruff reply.
2. Hoarse; harsh: a gruff voice.

[Dutch grof, from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German.]

gruff′ly adv.
gruff′ness n.
Synonyms: gruff, brusque, blunt2, curt
These adjectives mean abrupt and sometimes discourteous in manner or speech. Gruff implies roughness or surliness but does not necessarily suggest rudeness: a decent fellow once you get past the gruff manner. Brusque emphasizes rude abruptness: dismissed us with a brusque wave of the hand. Blunt stresses utter frankness and usually a disconcerting directness: was blunt in her disapproval of the idea. Curt denotes usually rude briefness and abruptness of speech: a curt, two-line letter of rejection.

gruff

(ɡrʌf)
adj
1. rough or surly in manner, speech, etc: a gruff reply.
2. (of a voice, bark, etc) low and throaty
[C16: originally Scottish, from Dutch grof, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German girob; related to Old English hrēof, Lithuanian kraupùs]
ˈgruffish adj
ˈgruffly adv
ˈgruffness n

gruff

(grʌf)

adj. -er, -est.
1. low and harsh; hoarse: a gruff voice.
2. rough, brusque, or surly: a gruff manner.
[1525–35; < Middle Dutch grof coarse, c. Old High German grob]
gruff′ly, adv.
gruff′ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.gruff - brusque and surly and forbidding; "crusty remarks"; "a crusty old man"; "his curmudgeonly temper"; "gruff manner"; "a gruff reply"
ill-natured - having an irritable and unpleasant disposition
2.gruff - deep and harsh sounding as if from shouting or illness or emotion; "gruff voices"; "the dog's gruff barking"; "hoarse cries"; "makes all the instruments sound powerful but husky"- Virgil Thomson
cacophonic, cacophonous - having an unpleasant sound; "as cacophonous as a henyard"- John McCarten

gruff

adjective
1. hoarse, rough, harsh, rasping, husky, low, croaking, throaty, guttural He picked up the phone expecting to hear the chairman's gruff voice.
hoarse sweet, smooth, mellifluous

gruff

adjective
1. Rudely unceremonious:
2. Low and grating in sound:
Translations
غليظ، أجَشفَظ، غير وُدّي
chraplavýdrsnýnevrlý
bryskgrovhæsstuds
rekedtes
hranalegurrámur, hás
gergždžiančiu balsugergždžiantisstačiokiškumas
nedraudzīgsparupjšpiesmacisskarbs

gruff

[grʌf] ADJ (gruffer (compar) (gruffest (superl))) [voice] → ronco; [manner] → brusco

gruff

[ˈgrʌf] adj [voice] → bourru(e); [exterior] → bourru(e)

gruff

adj voicebarsch; (= brusque) person, mannerbarsch, schroff; exteriorbärbeißig

gruff

[grʌf] adj (-er (comp) (-est (superl))) → burbero/a

gruff

(graf) adjective
1. deep and rough. a gruff voice.
2. (seeming to be) unfriendly. a gruff old man.
ˈgruffly adverb
ˈgruffness noun
References in classic literature ?
At least, Bella no sooner stepped ashore than she took Mr John Rokesmith's arm, without evincing surprise, and the two walked away together with an ethereal air of happiness which, as it were, wafted up from the earth and drew after them a gruff and glum old pensioner to see it out.
Cast by that ruffian, Gruff, who made me a present of five dollars.
Upon reaching the first landing, heard two voices in loud and angry contention - the one a gruff voice, the other much shriller - a very strange voice.
You never mean to say,' pursued Dot, sitting on the floor and shaking her head at him, 'that it's Gruff and Tackleton the toymaker
In return for this complimentary address, a very gruff hoarse voice bade Mr Groves 'hold his noise and light a candle.
As we were walking down the end of the wharf towards the ship, Queequeg carrying his harpoon, Captain Peleg in his gruff voice loudly hailed us from his wigwam, saying he had not suspected my friend was a cannibal, and furthermore announcing that he let no cannibals on board that craft, unless they previously produced their papers.
Defarge looked gloomily at his wife, and gave no other answer than a gruff sound of acquiescence.
On a slope to the left there was a long row of guns, gruff and maddened, denouncing the enemy, who, down through the woods, were forming for another attack in the pitiless mo- notony of conflicts.
His answer would have been a gruff, "Give me size," as I heard another man reply to a remark praising the handiness of a small vessel.
Then is a fife heard trolling within the lodge on the inspiring topic of the "British Grenadiers"; and as the evening closes in, a gruff inflexible voice is heard to say, while two men pace together up and down, "But I never own to it before the old girl.
he cried in a very gruff voice, and the children ran away.
Meeting Helene at a ball she stopped her in the middle of the room and, amid general silence, said in her gruff voice: "So wives of living men have started marrying again