guanine


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gua·nine

 (gwä′nēn′)
n. Abbr. G
A purine base, C5H5ON5, that is an essential constituent of both RNA and DNA.

[From guano, in which it is found.]

guanine

(ˈɡwɑːniːn; ˈɡuːəˌniːn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a white almost insoluble compound: one of the purine bases in nucleic acids. Formula: C5H5N5O
[C19: from guano + -ine2]

gua•nine

(ˈgwɑ nin)

n.
a purine base, C5H5N5O, that is a fundamental constituent of DNA and RNA, in which it forms base pairs with cytosine. Symbol: G Compare guanosine.
[1845–55; guan (o) + -ine2]

gua·nine

(gwä′nēn′)
A base that is a component of DNA and RNA, forming a base pair with cytosine.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.guanine - a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
purine - any of several bases that are derivatives of purine
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
ribonucleic acid, RNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"
Translations
Guanin
guanina

gua·nine

n. guanine, constituyente de DNA y RNA.
References in periodicals archive ?
Miyazawa, "Calculation of the stabilization energies of oxidatively damaged guanine base pairs with guanine," Molecules, vol.
It is formed by combining four parts: A, C, G and T (adenine, cytosine, guanine and thymine), called bases of DNA combine in thousands of possible sequences to provide the genetic variability that enables the wealth of aspects and functions of living beings.
A DNA molecule is made up of two separate nitrogen base pairs - Adenine and Thymine, Cytosine and Guanine - connected via hydrogen bonds.
Aflatoxin reacts with guanine bases in DNA to form adducts or lesions that can cause errors in DNA replication; these errors presumably lead to malignancy.
Each strand of human DNA contains just four chemical bases: adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine (A, T, C, G).
The researchers also wanted to make sure Rhosin effectively blocked what are known as guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs).
Synthetic biologists have been attempting for years to expand on nature's genetic "alphabet," consisting of the nucleotide bases cytosine, guanine, adenine and thymine -- also represented by the letters "C," "G," "A" and "T," respectively.
Scientists have (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877050916308742) previously demonstrated that DNA is a good storage medium, with its four nucleotide base pairs - adenine, thymine, cytosine and guanine - acting as the 1s and 0s of a binary digital file.
Caption: FIGURE 4: NMR structure of 16-amino-acid peptide (pink) from DHX36 bound to a DNA guanine quadruplex (green and blue).
The complete M RNA genome of BA8402 is 5367 nt long, with a nucleotide composition of 30.8% adenine, 25.2% uracile, 21.8% guanine, and 22.2% cytocine (G/C content 44.6%).
The four bases are adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C).

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