guanosine monophosphate


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guanosine mon·o·phos·phate

 (mŏn′ō-fŏs′fāt′)
n.
GMP.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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Meanwhile, nucleotide triphosphates such as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and guanosine triphosphate (GTP) are broken down during postmortem meat aging, generating taste-associated products including IMP and guanosine monophosphate (GMP) [4].
Here, the helix-6 was connected to cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-binding domain via C-linker.16,17 The variant R436W is located in the C-linker whereas D514N affected the cGMP-binding domain (Figure 2E, 3A).
These drugs facilitate erection by inhibiting the PDE5 enzyme, by blocking the degradation of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) in the cavernous smooth muscles.
Nitric oxide (NO) is an EDRF that induces the relaxation of smooth muscles in blood vessels through guanylyl cyclase/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (sGC/cGMP).
Ironwood's sGC stimulators, including praliciguat, are believed to harness the nitric oxide/sGC/cyclic guanosine monophosphate pathway by working synergistically with nitric oxide, or NO, to improve blood flow and metabolism and decrease inflammation and fibrosis.
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS), nitric oxide (NO), soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) have major roles in penile erection physiology.
[27] found evidence to suggest that the signalling pathway that encompass L-arginine-nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine monophosphate is involved in the antidepressant action of tramadol.
IW-1701 has been shown in non-clinical studies to modulate the nitric oxide/soluble guanylate cyclase/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (NO/sGC/cGMP) signaling pathway, which is believed to be implicated in achalasia and sickle cell disease, and is being investigated for its potential to treat multiple aspects of sickle cell disease pathophysiology, including red blood cell sickling, decreased blood flow, and vascular inflammation.
NEP inhibitors have been developed that show enhanced diuretic and natriuretic actions through NPs and the second messenger cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), particularly in the setting of experimental heart failure (HF), in which endogenous ANP and BNP are increased.
Unlike pyrimidine specific RNases thatbelong to the family of RNase A (EC 3.1.27.5), RNases T1 are guanyl specific; hence, 2',3'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (2',3'-cGMP) can only be cleaved in the second step of catalysis [1].
Abbreviations B-CLL: B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia cGMP: Cyclic guanosine monophosphate ED: Erectile dysfunction GMP: Guanosine monophosphate IL: Interleukin NKT: Natural killer T-cells NO: Nitric oxide NOS: Nitric oxide synthase PDE-Is: Phosphodiesterase inhibitors PDEs: Phophodiesterases PKG: Protein kinase G ROS-Nrf2: Reactive oxygen species-nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 SC: Sildenafil citrate sGC: Soluble guanylate cyclase TGF-[beta]: Transforming growth factor-[beta] TNF-[alpha]: Tumor necrosis factor-a Treg: Lymphocyte T regulatory cells.
Recently, there has been emerging use of methylene blue in the treatment of refractory distributive shock via inhibition of the nitric-oxide cyclic guanosine monophosphate pathway (Figure 2) [1].