Once this process is complete, the inguinal canal is dilated by the gubernacular
bulb and the testis pushed through the canal by changes in intra-abdominal pressure.
Phthalate ester-induced gubernacular
lesions are associated with reduced insl3 gene expression in the fetal rat testis.
Testicular torsion can occur at any age, including the prenatal and perinatal periods, In neonates, the testicle frequently has not yet descended into the scrotum, or has not had its gubernacular
attachment secure to the scrotal wall.
Other congenital factors associated with torsion include hypermobile testes, horizontal testicular lie, hyperactive cremasteric reflex and defective gubernacular
veins and external spermatic perforators were isolated and divided.
Frey also noted that defective ipsilateral gubernacular
development might predispose to crossed testicular ectopia.
Normally, the gubernacular
canals are said to guide erupting permanent teeth into their correct positions (Williams et al.
3,4) In an effort to minimize complications while maintaining comparable treatment success rates, we developed a novel subinguinal hydrocelectomy with gubernacular
The role of insulin 3, testosterone, Mullerian inhibiting substance and relaxin in rat gubernacular
Embryonically it is believed that ectopic scrotum develops due to a defect in the gubernacular
The testis was delivered through the incision to facilitate ligation of external spermatic and gubernacular
Gray and Foster (2003) refer to a "phthalate syndrome" characterized by testicular, epididymal, and gubernacular
cord agenesis as well as decreased AGD, and stress the importance of evaluating all components of a syndrome so that affected animals are not misidentified.