After serving as a gunlayer
on a Pz.Mk.III during Barbarossa, he led a Company of Tigers at Kursk.
Edwards' gunlayer got in some shots at 300 yards, then Edwards manoeuvred the enemy in front of his Sopwith and opened fire into its tail.
F/S/L Edwards flew in the second formation comprised of seven bombers and three fighters--all piloted by Canadians, with three British naval gunlayers in the fighters.
He ``hated big ships'' and amazingly then volunteered for submarine duty and found himself back out in the Far East on HMS Sleuth where he was a Gunlayer
- responsible for the sub's deck gun.
Later, American naval aviators occasionally flew sorties with the Allies, usually serving as gunners (often called "gunlayers
"), but occasionally taking their turn at the wheel of the huge bombers.
(48.) Jellicoe specifically prohibited certain ships from using director fire, prescribing instead the "gunlayers
system"--that is, direct laying, which allowed faster shooting.
Philosophers such as Max Scheler wrote best-selling books praising German 'culture' over mere Anglo-French 'civilization', psychology laboratories busied themselves in concocting aptitude tests for pilots, gunlayers