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(gī′nĭ-kŏk′rə-sē, jĭn′ĭ-) or gy·noc·ra·cy (gī-nŏk′rə-sē, jĭ-)
n. pl. gy·ne·coc·ra·cies or gy·noc·ra·cies
1. Government by women.
2. A society ruled by women.

[Greek gunaikokratiā : gunaiko-, gyneco- + -kratiā, -cracy.]

gy′ne·co·crat′ic (-kə-krăt′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˌgaɪ nɪˈkɒk rə si, ˌdʒɪn ɪ-)

n., pl. -cies.
government by women.
[1605–15; < Greek gynaikokratía. See gyneco-, -cracy]
gy`ne•co•crat′ic (-kəˈkræt ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


rule by women. Also called gunocracy, gyneocracy, gynaeocracy.
See also: Women
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gynecocracy - a political system governed by a woman
form of government, political system - the members of a social organization who are in power
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Allen enumerates the prominent features of Native American gynocracies, such as "free and easy sexuality and wide latitude in personal style.
Historically many Native American tribes, including the Muscogee, were gynocracies until the colonization of America by European settlers, a process through which the tribes lost control of their lands, governments, and customs.(6) Rather than aligning themselves with white women poets who attempt to "steal back" the language of patriarchy by moving their private concerns into the public sphere, contemporary Native American female poets must contend with a legacy of cultural genocide that extends far beyond the disempowerment of Native women.(7) As a result, "among tribal peoples we have feminism with a difference: a reassertion of traditional tribal values, a redefinition of clan roles, and an adaptation of old cultures to new conditions" (Lincoln 181).
I begin by reviewing the work of a radical revisionist who calls for a return to the "gynocracies" of early Native America (Paula Gunn Allen), procede with a review of the work of more conservative feminists who merely call for the inclusion of Native American women's texts in the canon (Gretchen Bataille, Kathleen Mullen Sands, and Dexter Fisher), and conclude with a look at studies that focus on woman-centered practices (Susan J.