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 (gī-nē′sē-əm, jĭ-)
n. pl. gy·noe·ci·a (-sē-ə)
The female reproductive organs of a flower; the pistil or pistils considered as a group.

[New Latin, alteration (influenced by Greek oikos, house) of Latin gynaecēum, women's apartments, from Greek gunaikeion, from neuter of gunaikeios, of women, from gunē, gunaik-, woman; see gwen- in Indo-European roots.]


(dʒaɪˈniːsɪəm; ɡaɪ-) ,






n, pl -cia or -cea (-sɪə)
(Botany) the carpels of a flowering plant collectively
[C18: New Latin, from Greek gunaikeion women's quarters, from gunaik-, gunē woman + -eion, suffix indicating place]


(dʒɪˈni si əm, -ʃi-, gaɪ-)

n., pl. -ci•a (-si ə, -ʃi ə)
the pistil or pistils of a flower; the female parts of a flower.
[1825–35; < New Latin, alter. of gynaeceum < Greek gynaikeîon women's quarters]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gynoecium - a female gametoeciumgynoecium - a female gametoecium      
gametoecium - gametangia and surrounding bracts


gynecium (Am) [dʒaɪˈniːsɪəm] n (Bot) → gineceo
References in periodicals archive ?
Interestingly, the shoots tips in the aquatic Herbertus material collected in 1977 were frequently swollen and ball-shaped by crowding of leaves, resembling gynoecia. However, no archegonia were found inside these structures; instead, we found small, whitish colonies of unidentified protozoans, resembling gnathifers.
Gynoecia on a short ventral branch Odontoschisma 22.
Gynoecia were characterized by enlarged unfused ovaries and exposed ovules.
The success of immigrant pollen will depend on environmental factors, competitive interactions with native pollen, and compatibility with native gynoecia. To realistically simulate migration by pollen, hand pollinations were made in the field using nonnative pollen and naturally growing, native plants.
The staminate flowers of male-phase plants are very similar to the perfect flowers of hermaphrodite-phase plants, except that the former lack developed and functional gynoecia (Philbrick, 1983; Schlessman, 1990).
Here's a word you probably don't know unless you've studied ancient Greek history: gynoecium (plural, gynoecia) is the "women's apartments" of a house.