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A halter designed for directing a horse by pressure on the nose rather than by a bit, used especially in breaking horses to a bridle.

[Alteration of Spanish jáquima, halter, from Old Spanish xaquima, from Arabic šakīma, bit of a bridle, from šakama, to bridle; see śkm in Semitic roots.]


(Horse Training, Riding & Manège) US and NZ a rope or rawhide halter used for unbroken foals
[C19: by folk etymology from Spanish jáquima headstall, from Old Spanish xaquima, from Arabic shaqīmah]


(ˈhæk əˌmɔr, -ˌmoʊr)

a simple looped bridle, by means of which controlling pressure is exerted on the nose of a horse, used chiefly in breaking colts.
[1840–50, Amer.; alter. (by folk etym.) of Sp jáquima headstall < Arabic shaqīmah]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hackamore - rope or canvas headgear for a horse, with a rope for leadinghackamore - rope or canvas headgear for a horse, with a rope for leading
harness - stable gear consisting of an arrangement of leather straps fitted to a draft animal so that it can be attached to and pull a cart
headgear - stable gear consisting of any part of a harness that fits about the horse's head
References in classic literature ?
The following day I fashioned a hackamore from a piece which I cut from the end of my long Galu rope, and then I mounted him fully prepared for a struggle of titanic proportions in which I was none too sure that he would not come off victor; but he never made the slightest effort to unseat me, and from then on his education was rapid.
The stewards informed Harris that, under rule D14, hackamores are disallowed, but the trainer made the point that nobody had noticed it while she was in the paddock, and he was unaware of the new rule.
War Bridle--Any of several types of halters, hackamores, or bridles with a part of the rope passing through the horse's mouth in such a way that a powerful leverage is placed on the horse's jaw or head.