hallux

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hal·lux

 (hăl′əks)
n. pl. hal·lu·ces (hăl′yə-sēz′, hăl′ə-)
1. The innermost or first digit on the hind foot of certain mammals. The human hallux is commonly called the big toe.
2. A homologous digit of a bird, reptile, or amphibian. In birds, it is often directed backward.

[Medieval Latin hallux, blend of Latin allus, hallus, thumb, and Latin hallex, big toe.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

hallux

(ˈhæləks)
n
(Anatomy) the first digit on the hind foot of a mammal, bird, reptile, or amphibian; the big toe of man
[C19: New Latin, from Late Latin allex big toe]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

hal•lux

(ˈhæl əks)

n., pl. hal•lu•ces (ˈhæl yəˌsiz)
the first or innermost digit of the foot of humans and of the hind foot of other vertebrates; big toe.
[1825–35; < Late Latin (h)allux, for Latin hallus, by association with pollex thumb]
hal′lu•cal (-yə kəl) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hallux - the first largest innermost toehallux - the first largest innermost toe  
foot, human foot, pes - the part of the leg of a human being below the ankle joint; "his bare feet projected from his trousers"; "armored from head to foot"
toe - one of the digits of the foot
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

hal·lux

n. L. dedo gordo del pie;
___ valgus___ valgus, desviación del dedo gordo hacia los otros dedos;
___ varus___ varus, separación del dedo gordo de los demás dedos;
___ rigidusrigidez en el dedo gordo.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
They can be used to treat flat feet (and, increasingly, high arches), as well as plantar fasciitis and other types of heel pain, arthritis of the big toe (hallux rigidus), tendinitis, pain in the ball of the foot, and other foot problems.
In case of a "functional hallux rigidus," the typical pain will be elicited by compressing the FHL tunnel and at the same time forcing the hallux and the ankle into maximum dorsiflexion; this pulls a distally inserting FHL muscle belly down into the FHL tendon tunnel ("like a cork in a bottle").
Potential subjects were excluded if they had previous bunion surgery hallux rigidus (stiff big toe), or hallux limitus (limited range of motion of the big toe); rheumatoid dis-ease; functional foot orthoses; pregnan-cy; or were age 60 years or greater.
In addition, in the differential diagnosis of the first MTP joint arthritis (podagra), inflammatory arthritis such as RA, gout, pseudogout, etc., septic arthritis and degenerative arthritis (osteoarthritis, hallux valgus, hallux rigidus) should be taken into account (13).
Another says you might have hallux rigidus, a disorder of the joint at the base of the big toe.
The distal articular surface of the first metatarsal is a common site of osteoarthritis, causing hallux rigidus. The blood supply to the head of the toe must be respected when performing distal metatarsal osteotomy for hallux valgus as avascular necrosis may occur (Society of Chiropodists and Podiatrists 2006).
Surgery for the management of hallux rigidus aims to relieve pain and improve function.