Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


n. pl. hal·o·bac·te·ri·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, halophilic, pigmented archaea of the genus Halobacterium, some of which produce bacteriorhodopsin to facilitate ATP synthesis during periods of oxygen deficiency.

[New Latin Halobactērium, genus name : halo- + bacterium (from the fact that archaea such as halobacteria were formerly classified as bacteria).]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.halobacterium - halophiles in saline environments such as the Dead Sea or salt flats
halophil, halophile - archaebacteria requiring a salt-rich environment for growth and survival
References in periodicals archive ?
Euryarchaeota, as a major class of Archaea, contain Methanogenus, Halobacterium, and some hyperthermophilic anaerobic and aerobic bacteria.
From both control and metal mixture stressed fish, the pH at which purified CAT revealed maximum activity was measured 7 and are according to the findings of Peterson and Salin (1995) in Halobacterium halobium; Nakamura et al.
Isolation and characterization of C50-carotenoid pigments and other polar isoprenoids from Halobacterium cutirubrum.
elongatus cyanobacteria and an archaean called Halobacterium salinarum.
Purification and characterization of a highly acidic 2Fe-ferredoxin from Halobacterium of the Dead Sea.
This habitat initially was described as hypersaline, and the halophilic microalgae Dunnaliella salina Teodoresco and Halobacterium were recorded from the site (Gomez-Silva et al.
However, the Q-fever pathogen Coxiella burnetii possesses MVA pathway genes and a type 1 IPP isomerase, and the halophilic archaeon Halobacterium sp.
The first representative of the group, Halobacterium salinarum, was found living on a salt-cured buffalo hide in the 1930s.
From morphological and biochemical tests; our isolates were found to be similar to Haloferax volcani and halobacterium sodomense, but most similar to Haloferax volcani with little differences such as H.
Halobacterium NRC-1 has 13 general transcription factors (GTFs), which are proteins that interact with control regions (promoters) of more than 2400 genes to direct organismal adaptation to environmental change.
catalase positive, gram, oxidase,citrte and coagulase negative rods), Halobacterium spp.
3) KEGG Abbreviation and Lineage of Organism MTU* Bacteria Actinobacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (lab strain) MBO* Bacteria Actinobacteria Mycobacterium bovis MTC* Bacteria Actinobacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis CDC1551 SCO Bacteria Actinobacteria Streptomyces coelicolor SMA Bacteria Actinobacteria Streptomyces avermitilis HAL Archaea Euryarchaeota Halobacterium sp.