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n. pl. hal·o·bac·te·ri·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, halophilic, pigmented archaea of the genus Halobacterium, some of which produce bacteriorhodopsin to facilitate ATP synthesis during periods of oxygen deficiency.

[New Latin Halobactērium, genus name : halo- + bacterium (from the fact that archaea such as halobacteria were formerly classified as bacteria).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.halobacterium - halophiles in saline environments such as the Dead Sea or salt flats
halophil, halophile - archaebacteria requiring a salt-rich environment for growth and survival
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References in periodicals archive ?
As for archaea is concerned, PHA production to date, however, has been limited to haloarchaeal species, particularly the genera Haloferax, Halalkalicoccus, Haloarcula, Halobacterium, Halobiforma, Halococcus, Halopiger, Haloquadratum, Halorhabdus, Halorubrum, Halostagnicola, Haloterrigena, Natrialba, Natrinema, Natronobacterium, Natronococcus, Natronomonas and Natronorubrum (18).
Rv3906c has 169 amino acid sequence and calcium binding protein homology from Halobacterium species.
The discovery of hydrocarbon-degrading haloarchaea was independently confirmed with a manuscript published in 1991 reporting the isolation of a Halobacterium strain from a hypersaline wastewater in Russia that degrades alkanes [19].
Mateo, "Thermal transitions in the purple membrane from Halobacterium halobium," FEBS Letters, vol.
Lanyi, "Hysteretic behavior of an ATPase from the archaebacterium, Halobacterium saccharovorum," The Journal ofBiological Chemistry, vol.
Euryarchaeota, as a major class of Archaea, contain Methanogenus, Halobacterium, and some hyperthermophilic anaerobic and aerobic bacteria.
From both control and metal mixture stressed fish, the pH at which purified CAT revealed maximum activity was measured 7 and are according to the findings of Peterson and Salin (1995) in Halobacterium halobium; Nakamura et al.
Isolation and characterization of C50-carotenoid pigments and other polar isoprenoids from Halobacterium cutirubrum.
elongatus cyanobacteria and an archaean called Halobacterium salinarum.
Oesterhelt, "The fla gene cluster is involved in the biogenesis of flagella in Halobacterium salinarum," Molecular Microbiology, vol.
Mukohata, "ATP synthesis linked to light-dependent proton uptake in a red mutant strain of Halobacterium lacking bacteriorhodopsin," Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol.
Purification and characterization of a highly acidic 2Fe-ferredoxin from Halobacterium of the Dead Sea.