Jamaica Bay has an overall residence time of ~35 days with no strong halocline
(Benotti et al.
Possible consequences of this relocation range from major variations in the halocline
depth in the Baltic Sea (Vali et al.
The strength of the halocline
varies both spatially and temporally.
Surface waters were strongly stratified throughout the study, with a distinct thermocline, halocline
, and pycnocline present in the upper 20 m (Fig.
Specialization view precipitous, halocline
The objectives of the buoy program are three-fold: 1) monitor the upper ocean heat content and ocean-to-ice fluxes; 2) quantify entrainment rates of heat that result from temporal and spatial variability in both the structure of the Arctic halocline
and the strength of turbulent mixing mechanisms; and 3) test and improve parameterizations of ocean-to-ice fluxes for use in Pan-Arctic scale modeling efforts.
Key words: Near-surface layer, fine-scale thermohaline structure, thermocline, halocline
, wind-wave mixing, convective mixing.
They create a layer known as a halocline
(from the Greek words for "salt" and "slope").
The anomalously cool layer coincides with the permanent halocline
which has salinities 32.
Barton hypothesizes that the halocline
shelters rare microbes that exist only in this salty zone.
Below that, the instruments would pass through a layer called the halocline
, where the water remains cold but grows saltier with depth.
During the first 2 mo of sampling (March and April), the water column was relatively well mixed, with the exception of 2 wk in late March when a weak thermocline and halocline
were detected followed by a mixing event (Fig.