According to the author, the phenomenon can be explained by his hamartia
. This characteristic is defined as a tragic flaw of his character identified as his insecurity resulting from the fact that he was the son of a declasse mother.
In Imran Khan's case, his hamartia
lies in promising heaven as he raised hell while failing to fulfill the most basic of his promises.
For Shakespeareans, it provides an opportunity to consider how Shakespeare transformed a central element of tragedy, hamartia
, from an individual into a social phenomenon.
Ahmed spoke a bit about the element of hamartia
the fall of a tragic hero as a means to understanding the rollercoaster of Bhutto's life.
They address "Aristotle: Life and Work," "Greek Literature as Aristotle Found It," "The Poetics: Hazards of the Text and What Not to Look For," "The Poetics in Aristotle's Philosophical System," "The Poetics: Imitation, Plot, Character," "Hamartia
and the Tragic Flaw," "Reversal and Recognition," "Katharsis," "Thought and Language," and "Tragedy and Epic in the Poetics" This Introduction is extremely well executed, and readers would be well advised to study it slowly and thoroughly--even to reread it after some study of the Poetics itself.
O "misterio do processo", que alcanca tanto Kafka quanto Salvatore Satta (citado por Agamben como jurista, mas autor tambem ele de um romance dedicado a reflexao sobre o tempo, Il giorno del giudizio, lancado postumamente em 1977), carrega consigo aquela carga ambivalente, entre o julgamento e a culpabilidade, que Agamben ja havia rastreado em Dante--mas apontando, porem, para a nocao de "pecado" compartilhada pela Poetica de Aristoteles e pelo Novo Testamento atraves da sobrevivencia e traducao do termo grego hamartia
(AGAMBEN, 2014, p.
And this is why this hero appears increasingly like a cipher, an agent of a greater force that impels him to his ironic destruction: the novel gradually reveals his total implication with larger "plots" that shift the reader's perspective away from the biographical pattern toward a narrative effect not unlike the revelation of hamartia
by a tragic hero--a revelation, in other words, that effectively "stops time" at the point at which the hero "comes to himself"/"comes home" and can no longer change.
Anselmo's impertinent curiosity may be seen as the Aristotelian hamartia
that brings about the peripeteia that turns his once-happy world upside down, and finally leads to the anagnorisis of realising the foolishness of an "impertinente deseo" ["impertinent desire"] that turns him into the "fabricador de [su] deshonra" ["the author of [his] own dishonour"] (373).
Pedro Bohorquez de Piossek es una trama que satisface punto por punto lo que Frye denomina "la cuarta fase de la tragedia", esto es "la tipica caida del heroe por hybris y por hamartia
" (FRYE 1977, p.
The Aristotelian unity of action (or plot) begins with the hero's error of ignorance (hamartia
), which leads to a change of fortune from good to bad that is manifest in suffering (pathos) within the family (or philos) relation, where the suffering is arguably most pitiable because of the familial affinity (23).
The Gypsies traces the traditional tragic path from the hero's hamartia
(initial blindness) towards anagorisis (recognition), but this alteration in Aleko's vision is not accompanied by any hope for redemption.