hardened


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hard·en

 (här′dn)
v. hard·ened, hard·en·ing, hard·ens
v.tr.
1. To make hard or harder: harden steel.
2. To enable to withstand physical or mental hardship: was hardened by years of working as a farmer.
3. To make unfeeling, unsympathetic, or callous: The betrayal hardened his heart against intimacy.
4. To make fixed, settled, or less subject to change: "The incident only hardened existing attitudes while vanquishing any hope of collaboration" (Philip Dray).
5. To make less vulnerable to attack by surrounding with earth or concrete: harden missile silos.
v.intr.
1. To become hard or harder.
2. To become fixed, settled, or less subject to change: "Her early skepticism has hardened into cynicism" (Kelly Braffet).
3. To become inured.
4. To take on a disapproving or severe appearance: His face hardened with suspicion.
5. To rise and become stable. Used of prices.
Synonyms: harden, acclimate, acclimatize, season, toughen
These verbs mean to make resistant to hardship, especially through continued exposure: was hardened to frontier life; is acclimated to the tropical heat; was acclimatized by long hours to overwork; became seasoned to life in prison; has become toughened by adversity.

hardened

(ˈhɑːdənd)
adj
1. rigidly set, as in a mode of behaviour
2. toughened, as by custom; seasoned
3. (Military) (of a nuclear missile site) constructed to withstand a nuclear attack
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.hardened - used of persons; emotionally hardened; "faced a case-hardened judge"
hard - dispassionate; "took a hard look"; "a hard bargainer";
2.hardened - made hard or flexible or resilient especially by heat treatmenthardened - made hard or flexible or resilient especially by heat treatment; "a sword of tempered steel"; "tempered glass"
3.hardened - protected against attack (especially by nuclear weapons); "hardened missile silos"
soft - not protected against attack (especially by nuclear weapons); "soft targets"
4.hardened - made tough by habitual exposure; "hardened fishermen"; "a peasant, dark, lean-faced, wind-inured"- Robert Lynd; "our successors...may be graver, more inured and equable men"- V.S.Pritchett
toughened, tough - physically toughened; "the tough bottoms of his feet"
5.hardened - converted to solid form (as concrete)
hard - resisting weight or pressure

hardened

adjective
2. seasoned, experienced, accustomed, toughened, inured, habituated hardened politicians
seasoned green, naive

hardened

adjective
Translations
endurecido

hardened

[ˈhɑːdnd] ADJ
1. [drinker] → empedernido; [criminal] → reincidente
to be hardened to sthestar acostumbrado a algo
we are becoming hardened to violencenos hemos ido acostumbrando a la violencia
2. (Tech) [steel] → templado

hardened

[ˈhɑːrdənd] adj [criminal] → endurci(e)
to be hardened to sth → s'être endurci(e) à qch, être devenu(e) insensible à qch
to become hardened to sth → devenir insensible à qch

hardened

adj steelgehärtet; troopszäh, abgehärtet; sinnerverstockt; attitudeverhärtet; arteriesverkalkt; hardened criminalGewohnheitsverbrecher(in) m(f); to be hardened to the cold/the climategegen die Kälte/das Klima abgehärtet sein; to be hardened to somebody’s charmsunempfänglich für jds Charme sein; to be hardened to deathan den Tod gewöhnt sein; you become hardened to it after a whiledaran gewöhnt man sich mit der Zeit

hardened

[ˈhɑːdnd] adj (criminal) → incallito/a
to be hardened to sth → essere (diventato/a) insensibile a qc
References in classic literature ?
A burnt offering has been made to vanity, this hardened palm has earned something better than blisters, and I'm sure the sewing done by these pricked fingers will last a long time, so much good will went into the stitches.
he asked, as though no longer doubtful of the good intelligence established between them; "and will not the chief of William Henry be better pleased to see his daughters before another night may have hardened his heart to their loss, to make him less liberal in his reward?
Man's own youth is the world's youth; at least, he feels as if it were, and imagines that the earth's granite substance is something not yet hardened, and which he can mould into whatever shape he likes.
Our mouths are so tender that where they have not been spoiled or hardened with bad or ignorant treatment, they feel the slightest movement of the driver's hand, and we know in an instant what is required of us.
There were hardened criminals and innocent men too poor to give bail; old men, and boys literally not yet in their teens.
Here they are fed full daily; and, because some incline to pine, a fiddle is kept commonly going among them, and they are made to dance daily; and he who refuses to be merry--in whose soul thoughts of wife, or child, or home, are too strong for him to be gay--is marked as sullen and dangerous, and subjected to all the evils which the ill will of an utterly irresponsible and hardened man can inflict upon him.
In the very aspect of those primitive and rugged trees there was, methinks, a tanning principle which hardened and consolidated the fibers of men's thoughts.
They were too much hardened by lifelong everyday familiar- ity with slavery to notice that there was anything else in the exhibition that invited comment.
He was a cruel man, hardened by a long life of slave- holding.
She did not think he was quite so hardened as his wife, though growing very like her;she spoke some of her feelings, by observing audibly to her partner,
Though aware, before she began it, that it must bring a confession of his inconstancy, and confirm their separation for ever, she was not aware that such language could be suffered to announce it; nor could she have supposed Willoughby capable of departing so far from the appearance of every honourable and delicate feeling--so far from the common decorum of a gentleman, as to send a letter so impudently cruel: a letter which, instead of bringing with his desire of a release any professions of regret, acknowledged no breach of faith, denied all peculiar affection whatever-- a letter of which every line was an insult, and which proclaimed its writer to be deep in hardened villainy.
He seemed a sullen, patient child; hardened, perhaps, to ill- treatment: he would stand Hindley's blows without winking or shedding a tear, and my pinches moved him only to draw in a breath and open his eyes, as if he had hurt himself by accident, and nobody was to blame.