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Related to hardiness: stress hardiness

har·dy 1

adj. har·di·er, har·di·est
1. Able to withstand difficult or adverse conditions; robust: hardy explorers; hardy perennials.
a. Courageous; intrepid.
b. Archaic Brazenly daring; audacious.

[Middle English, from Old French hardi, past participle of hardir, make hard, embolden, of Germanic origin; see kar- in Indo-European roots.]

har′di·ly adv.
har′di·ness n.

click for a larger image
left to right: cold-cutting and hot-cutting hardy chisel heads

har·dy 2

n. pl. har·dies
A square-shanked chisel that fits into a square hole in an anvil.

[Probably from hard.]


the state or quality of being hardy
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hardiness - the property of being strong and healthy in constitution
strength - the property of being physically or mentally strong; "fatigue sapped his strength"
2.hardiness - the trait of being willing to undertake things that involve risk or danger; "the proposal required great boldness"; "the plan required great hardiness of heart"
fearlessness - the trait of feeling no fear
adventurousness, venturesomeness - the trait of being adventurous
daredevilry, daredeviltry - boldness as manifested in rash and daredevil behavior
audaciousness, audacity, temerity - fearless daring
brazenness, shamelessness - behavior marked by a bold defiance of the proprieties and lack of shame


noun resilience, fortitude, toughness, robustness, ruggedness, sturdiness the hardiness, endurance and courage of my companions
جُرأه، شَجاعَه
òrautseigja, òrek


[ˈhɑːdɪnɪs] Nresistencia f


(= toughness)Zähigkeit f; (= hardened nature)Abgehärtetsein nt; (Bot) → Winterhärte f
(= courage)Unerschrockenheit f


[ˈhɑːdɪnɪs] nrobustezza


(ˈhaːdi) adjective
tough; strong; able to bear cold, tiredness etc. This plant is very hardy and able to survive even rough winter weather.
ˈhardiness noun
References in classic literature ?
To learn TO LOOK AWAY FROM oneself, is necessary in order to see MANY THINGS:--this hardiness is needed by every mountain-climber.
But the HOUYHNHNMS train up their youth to strength, speed, and hardiness, by exercising them in running races up and down steep hills, and over hard stony grounds; and when they are all in a sweat, they are ordered to leap over head and ears into a pond or river.
They have their own nature; they can of themselves minister to our self-esteem by the demand their qualities make upon our skill and their shortcomings upon our hardiness and endurance.
Horses of this race were, and are still, in much request as saddle horses, on account of their hardiness and the ease of their movements.
I have often wondered even at my own hardiness another way, that when all my companions were surprised and fell so suddenly into the hand of justice, and that I so narrowly escaped, yet I could not all this while enter into one serious resolution to leave off this trade, and especially considering that I was now very far from being poor; that the temptation of necessity, which is generally the introduction of all such wickedness, was now removed; for I had near #500 by me in ready money, on which I might have lived very well, if I had thought fit to have retired; but I say, I had not so much as the least inclination to leave off; no, not so much as I had before when I had but #200 beforehand, and when I had no such frightful examples before my eyes as these were.
Is it impossible to combine the hardiness of these savages with the intellectualness of the civilized man?
Thus, a concern regarding both northern types and newer cultivars containing southern germplasm is whether early-fall pruning stimulates growth and decreases cold hardiness, making overwintering flower buds more susceptible to winter damage.
Objective: This study investigated the relationship of hardiness, optimism and professional life stress among house-job doctors serving in five public teaching hospitals in Lahore, Pakistan.
Therefore, the limitation imposed by the sensitivity of the vinifera species has an impact on the sustainable growth of the industry, and it is critical for growers to know the cold hardiness (CH) of the newly introduced varieties, in addition to the standard viticultural and enological characteristics.
In this study, the positive subjective experience of flow is examined in relation to the positive individual characteristics of hardiness and optimism in athletes.
For health care agencies to combat the nurse burnout phenomena, it is imperative nurses learn hardiness and effective coping strategies in health care settings.
The strain and botheration of cleaning up the mess would be a little lighter if this were the storm to knock the 1978 blizzard off its annoying and pretentious pedestal and return some modicum of dignity to the almost four generations of New Englanders who have had to grow up doubting their God-given hardiness.