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Related to hardiness: stress hardiness

har·dy 1

adj. har·di·er, har·di·est
1. Able to withstand difficult or adverse conditions; robust: hardy explorers; hardy perennials.
a. Courageous; intrepid.
b. Archaic Brazenly daring; audacious.

[Middle English, from Old French hardi, past participle of hardir, make hard, embolden, of Germanic origin; see kar- in Indo-European roots.]

har′di·ly adv.
har′di·ness n.

click for a larger image
left to right: cold-cutting and hot-cutting hardy chisel heads

har·dy 2

n. pl. har·dies
A square-shanked chisel that fits into a square hole in an anvil.

[Probably from hard.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


the state or quality of being hardy
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hardiness - the property of being strong and healthy in constitution
strength - the property of being physically or mentally strong; "fatigue sapped his strength"
2.hardiness - the trait of being willing to undertake things that involve risk or danger; "the proposal required great boldness"; "the plan required great hardiness of heart"
fearlessness - the trait of feeling no fear
adventurousness, venturesomeness - the trait of being adventurous
daredevilry, daredeviltry - boldness as manifested in rash and daredevil behavior
audaciousness, audacity, temerity - fearless daring
brazenness, shamelessness - behavior marked by a bold defiance of the proprieties and lack of shame
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


noun resilience, fortitude, toughness, robustness, ruggedness, sturdiness the hardiness, endurance and courage of my companions
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
جُرأه، شَجاعَه
òrautseigja, òrek


[ˈhɑːdɪnɪs] Nresistencia f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


(= toughness)Zähigkeit f; (= hardened nature)Abgehärtetsein nt; (Bot) → Winterhärte f
(= courage)Unerschrockenheit f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


[ˈhɑːdɪnɪs] nrobustezza
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(ˈhaːdi) adjective
tough; strong; able to bear cold, tiredness etc. This plant is very hardy and able to survive even rough winter weather.
ˈhardiness noun
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
To learn TO LOOK AWAY FROM oneself, is necessary in order to see MANY THINGS:--this hardiness is needed by every mountain-climber.
But the HOUYHNHNMS train up their youth to strength, speed, and hardiness, by exercising them in running races up and down steep hills, and over hard stony grounds; and when they are all in a sweat, they are ordered to leap over head and ears into a pond or river.
They have their own nature; they can of themselves minister to our self-esteem by the demand their qualities make upon our skill and their shortcomings upon our hardiness and endurance.
Horses of this race were, and are still, in much request as saddle horses, on account of their hardiness and the ease of their movements.
he looks like a man of great valor and hardiness. Let them run their full three courses, for the issue is over-great to hang upon one."
I have often wondered even at my own hardiness another way, that when all my companions were surprised and fell so suddenly into the hand of justice, and that I so narrowly escaped, yet I could not all this while enter into one serious resolution to leave off this trade, and especially considering that I was now very far from being poor; that the temptation of necessity, which is generally the introduction of all such wickedness, was now removed; for I had near #500 by me in ready money, on which I might have lived very well, if I had thought fit to have retired; but I say, I had not so much as the least inclination to leave off; no, not so much as I had before when I had but #200 beforehand, and when I had no such frightful examples before my eyes as these were.
Is it impossible to combine the hardiness of these savages with the intellectualness of the civilized man?
But slow down and consider that planting times are contingent upon the climate in your area, the hardiness of the vegetable and the workability of your soil.
The meeting uncovered mounting concerns over disease resistance issues - resulting in more closed flocks - and the potential erosion of upland traits within cross-bred ewes such as hardiness and mothering ability.
To the DAP, the hornbill characterised hardiness and represented the unity of Malaysians east and west of the South China Sea.
The evolution of Vitis contributes considerably to our understanding of the series of adaptive grapevine physiological processes we collectively call cold hardiness. (4) What is grapevine cold hardiness?
The supercooling point is a good predictor of cold hardiness. In this study, supercooling capacity of Brachmia macroscopa was determined.