To bring indirect violence to life, Dickens uses virtually every component of the novel form, including structure, language, plot, characterization, and thematics, first to connect individual acts of harmdoing
that resemble Zizek's symbolic or linguistic violence to larger structures of authority so that their systemic nature stands revealed, and then to link both the actions and their authorizing structures to violent effects that are subjective, immediate, and corporeal.
at 873 ("The inability to acknowledge harmdoing
that involve purposeless or irreparable harmdoing
of an extraordinarily
Olweus (1999) conceptualizes bullying as being characterized by three criteria: "(1) It is aggressive behavior or intentional harmdoing
(2) which is carried out repeatedly and over time (3) in an interpersonal relationship characterized by an imbalance of power" (p.
Professor Stephen Morse has opined that "[i]n the case of seriously crazy people, whose irrational practical reasoning leads to the intent to do harm, ameliorating the crazy thinking through proper medication should in fact reduce the risk of harmdoing
Purely accidental, non-negligent harmdoing, for example, may be the product of intentional movements performed by an entirely rational agent, but the criminal law would not blame or punish such harmdoing because the agent has done no wrong, has violated no reasonable expectation of taking care.
Because we must live interdependently and are always at risk of harm by others, evaluating and responding to the potential harmdoing of others is unavoidable.
Moreover, the justice of holding people to high standards of regard for, the rights and interests of others is especially warranted in cases involving serious harmdoing, because such situations give agents the strongest possible reasons to avoid breaching moral expectations.
If anger-provoking or evil-tempting situational variables never arise, one is both lucky and less likely to engage in harmdoing.
The crime is complete when the agent recklessly fails to take the steps reasonably necessary to avoid harmdoing
Individual and Societal (Group) Values in a Motivational Perspective and their Role in Benevolence and Harmdoing
In the latter cases--the choking spouse, the molesting pedophile, and the withdrawing drug-dependent felon--the moral test would hold that the person must bear the dysphoria rather than cause dreadful harmdoing