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 (här′kə-bəs, -kwə-) also ar·que·bus (är′-)
A heavy portable matchlock gun invented during the 1400s. Also called hackbut.

[Obsolete French harquebuse, from Old French, alteration of Middle Dutch hakebus : hake, hook; see keg- in Indo-European roots + busse, gun (from Late Latin buxis, box; see box1).]


(ˈhɑːkwɪbəs) ,




n, pl -buses or -busses
(Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) variant forms of arquebus


(ˈhɑr kwə bəs)

n., pl. -bus•es.
small-caliber long gun operated by a matchlock or wheel-lock mechanism, dating from about 1400.
[1525–35; < Middle French harquebusche (with intrusive -r-) < Middle Dutch hākebusse=hāke hook + busse gun (literally, box) < Late Latin buxis, for Latin buxus box1]
har`que•bus•ier′ (-kwə bəˈsɪər) n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.harquebus - an obsolete firearm with a long barrelharquebus - an obsolete firearm with a long barrel
muzzle loader - an obsolete firearm that was loaded through the muzzle


[ˈhɑːkwɪbəs] N (Hist) → arcabuz m
References in classic literature ?
Flambeau, who was a friend of Angus, received him in a rococo artistic den behind his office, of which the ornaments were sabres, harquebuses, Eastern curiosities, flasks of Italian wine, savage cooking-pots, a plumy Persian cat, and a small dusty-looking Roman Catholic priest, who looked particularly out of place.
In one of the most influential works on mounted troops of the period, "Militarie Instructions for the Cavall'rie" (1632), author John Cruso describes the armament of a harquebusier and carabine: "For offensive arms, he must have the harquebuse of two foot and a half long (the bore of 17 bullets in the pound [approximately .
Indeed, the rapid volleys of conversation on the train in the second "movement" suggest nothing so much as bug-eyed buffa roulades; and Silvestro's frequent lists of foods and place names, and his exhilarating exchange in the finale with a knife sharpener--a vocation almost as obsolete as the harquebuses he mentions and the 1.
halberds and harquebuses, when you kill and massacre your enemies and
36) He remarks upon the presence of marranoes or crypto-Jews 'of late banished and driuen out of Spaine & Portugale' in terms of the 'detriment and damage' this poses to Christendom, since these Jews, in addition to bringing 'workemen of all artes, and handicraftes moste excellent', have also passed information on to the Turks: 'diuers inuentions, craftes and engines of warre, as to make artillerie, harquebuses, gunne pouder, shot, and other munitions'.
What the Tlaxcaltecs recognized from their clash with the Spaniards was that Spanish arms -notably their harquebuses, falconets, and crossbows- could strike at a greater distance than Indian arms, and do so with enough penetration to disrupt their lines.