harsh

(redirected from harshest)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms.

harsh

 (härsh)
adj. harsh·er, harsh·est
1. Disagreeable to one of the senses, as:
a. Disagreeable to the sense of hearing: a harsh voice.
b. Disagreeable to the sense of sight: harsh lighting.
c. Unpleasantly coarse and rough to the touch: harsh burlap.
2. Unpleasant, uncomfortable, or hostile to survival: a harsh wilderness; a harsh winter.
3. Severe, cruel, or exacting: harsh punishment; a harsh overseer.
4. Disagreeable to the mind or feelings: harsh words.
5. Expressing displeasure or disapproval: gave me a harsh look.

[Middle English harsk, of Scandinavian origin.]

harsh′ly adv.
harsh′ness n.

harsh

(hɑːʃ)
adj
1. rough or grating to the senses
2. stern, severe, or cruel
vb
(tr) slang to cause (a state of elation) to be diminished or ended (esp in the phrases harsh someone's mellow and harsh someone's buzz)
[C16: probably of Scandinavian origin; compare Middle Low German harsch, Norwegian harsk rancid]
ˈharshly adv
ˈharshness n

harsh

(hɑrʃ)

adj.
1. ungentle and unpleasant in action or effect: harsh treatment.
2. grim or unpleasantly severe; stern; cruel; austere: a harsh master.
3. physically uncomfortable; desolate; stark: a harsh land.
4. unpleasant to the ear; grating; strident: a harsh voice.
5. unpleasant or irritating to the body or the senses: harsh detergents.
[1300–50; probably in part < Middle Low German harsch, Middle English harsk (perhaps < Scandinavian)]
harsh′ly, adv.
harsh′ness, n.
syn: See stern1.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.harsh - unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"
unpleasant - disagreeable to the senses, to the mind, or feelings ; "an unpleasant personality"; "unpleasant repercussions"; "unpleasant odors"
2.harsh - disagreeable to the senses; "the harsh cry of a blue jay"; "harsh cognac"; "the harsh white light makes you screw up your eyes"; "harsh irritating smoke filled the hallway"
unpleasant - disagreeable to the senses, to the mind, or feelings ; "an unpleasant personality"; "unpleasant repercussions"; "unpleasant odors"
3.harsh - of textures that are rough to the touch or substances consisting of relatively large particles; "coarse meal"; "coarse sand"; "a coarse weave"
rough, unsmooth - having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"
4.harsh - unkind or cruel or uncivil; "had harsh words"; "a harsh and unlovable old tyrant"; "a rough answer"
unkind - lacking kindness; "a thoughtless and unkind remark"; "the unkindest cut of all"
5.harsh - severe; "a harsh penalty"
heavy - unusually great in degree or quantity or number; "heavy taxes"; "a heavy fine"; "heavy casualties"; "heavy losses"; "heavy rain"; "heavy traffic"
6.harsh - sharply disagreeableharsh - sharply disagreeable; rigorous; "the harsh facts of court delays"; "an abrasive character"
disagreeable - not to your liking; "a disagreeable situation"

harsh

adjective
1. severe, hard, tough, grim, stark, stringent, austere, Spartan, inhospitable, comfortless Hundreds of political detainees were held under harsh conditions.
2. bleak, cold, freezing, severe, bitter, icy The weather grew harsh and unpredictable.
3. cruel, savage, brutal, ruthless, relentless, unrelenting, barbarous, pitiless the harsh experience of war
4. hard, sharp, severe, bitter, cruel, stern, unpleasant, abusive, unkind, pitiless, unfeeling He said many harsh and unkind things.
hard loving, kind, sweet, gentle, pleasant, mild, agreeable, merciful
5. drastic, hard, severe, stringent, punitive, austere, Draconian, punitory more harsh laws governing the behaviour, status and even clothes of women

harsh

adjective
1. Having a surface that is not smooth:
2. Disagreeable to the sense of hearing:
3. Having a noticeably sharp pungent taste or smell:
4. Rigorous and unsparing in treating others:
5. Cold and forbidding:
6. Causing sharp, often prolonged discomfort:
Translations
خَشِنخَشِن، أجَشقاسٍ
drsnýhrubýkrutýostrýskřípavý
barskhårdstreng
ankara
oštar
skerandi; óòægilegurstrangur, harîur
厳しい
거친
griežtai
bargsgriezīgsskarbs
osterrezek
hård
รุนแรง
khắc nghiệt

harsh

[hɑːʃ] ADJ (harsher (compar) (harshest (superl)))
1. (= severe) [winter, weather, punishment] → duro, riguroso; [words] → duro, áspero; [remarks, criticism, conditions] → duro; [person, sentence] → duro, severo
to be harsh on sbser duro or severo con algn
2. (= too bright) [light] → fuerte; [colour] → chillón, estridente
3. (= rough) [fabric, material] → áspero
4. (= rough-sounding) [voice, sound] → áspero
5. (= strong) [detergent] → fuerte; [contrast] → violento

harsh

[ˈhɑːrʃ] adj
(= hard) [treatment] → sévère, dur(e); [punishment] → sévère; [words] → dur(e)
the harsh reality of sth → la dure réalité de qch
[climate, winter, weather] → rude
[sound] → discordant(e); [voice] → criard(e); [taste] → âpre; [light] → cru(e)
[chemical, detergent] → corrosif/ive

harsh

adj (+er)
(= inclement) winterhart, streng; weather, climate, environmentrau, unwirtlich; conditionshart
(= severe) words, remarks, criticismscharf; verdict, sentence, punishment, treatmenthart; disciplinestreng; harsh justiceein strenges Urteil; to be harsh with or on somebodyjdn hart anfassen; don’t be too harsh with himsei nicht zu streng mit or hart zu ihm
(= abrasive, grating) sound, voicerau, kratzig; breathingrasselnd; cleaner, detergentscharf; wool, fabricrau; taste, wine, whiskyherb; light, glare, coloursgrell; the harsh glare of the sundas grelle Sonnenlicht; the harsh cries of the seagullsdas Kreischen der Möwen
(= unpleasant, unwelcome) reality, facts, truthbitter

harsh

[hɑːʃ] adj (-er (comp) (-est (superl)))
a. (punishment, person) → severo/a, duro/a; (words) → duro/a; (weather) → rigido/a; (taste) → pungente
b. (discordant, voice) → sgradevole; (colour) → chiassoso/a, squillante; (light) → troppo forte; (contrast) → brusco/a

harsh

(haːʃ) adjective
1. (of people, discipline etc) very strict; cruel. That is a very harsh punishment to give a young child.
2. rough and unpleasant to hear, see, taste etc. a harsh voice; harsh colours.
ˈharshly adverb
ˈharshness noun

harsh

خَشِن drsný barsk hart δριμύς crudo ankara rude oštar duro 厳しい 거친 hardvochtig barsk surowy rigoroso суровый hård รุนแรง şiddetli khắc nghiệt 苛刻的

harsh

a. áspero, discordante;
___ soundsonido discordante.

harsh

adj áspero
References in classic literature ?
If ever my hand hath mingled the furthest with the nearest, fire with spirit, joy with sorrow, and the harshest with the kindest:
Yes, novels; for I will not adopt that ungenerous and impolitic custom so common with novel-writers, of degrading by their contemptuous censure the very performances, to the number of which they are themselves adding -- joining with their greatest enemies in bestowing the harshest epithets on such works, and scarcely ever permitting them to be read by their own heroine, who, if she accidentally take up a novel, is sure to turn over its insipid pages with disgust.
For the first time she was overstepping the bounds laid down by that harshest of tyrants, the Mrs.
It is hard that my little darling should love him more than me; and that, when the well-being and culture of my son is all I have to live for, I should see my influence destroyed by one whose selfish affection is more injurious than the coldest indifference or the harshest tyranny could be.
Sikes spoke in the very harshest key of a very harsh voice; but, appearing to entertain some unaccountable objection to having his throat cut, he remained where he was, and growled more fiercely than before: at the same time grasping the end of the poker between his teeth, and biting at it like a wild beast.
Thence, introduced into a half- subterranean gallery, he became, on the part of those who had brought him, the object of the grossest insults and the harshest treatment.
Thus liberty, getting out of all order and reason, passes into the harshest and bitterest form of slavery.
The whole landscape, which, seen by a favoring light, and in a genial temperature, had been found so lovely, appeared now like some pictured allegory of life, in which objects were arrayed in their harshest but truest colors, and without the relief of any shadowing.
Master Pierrat Torterue is the harshest groom that ever curried a knave; and I can tell you, if it will be agreeable to you, that your bellringer's hide got a thorough dressing at his hands.
You have nothing to do with the wounded Frenchmen," he croaked, in the harshest notes of his voice.
His harshest critics did not doubt that, had he lived, he would have retrieved himself.
There is some of that boy's blood in you, I see,' said Ralph, speaking in his harshest tones, as something in the flashing eye reminded him of Nicholas at their last meeting.