Antoniolli et al., "Evidence for the involvement of descending pain-inhibitory mechanisms in the antinociceptive effect of hecogenin
acetate," Journal of Natural Products, vol.
Most studies of the chemical quantification of TT are focused on the simultaneous determination of fewer than five compounds (i.e., diosgen , terrestroneoside , saponin D , protodioscin  quercetin, kaempferol, and isorhamnetin  and quercetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin, hecogenin
, and tigogenin ).
The Fagopyrum dibotrys extract (FDE) was characterized by the abundance of proanthocyanidins, hecogenin
, ferulic acid, catechin, gallic acid, epicatechin, and so on.
Bianchi et al., "Different contribution of apoptosis to the antiproliferative effects of diosgenin and other plant steroids, hecogenin
and tigogenin, on human 1547 osteosarcoma cells," International Journal of Oncology, vol.
Miners, "Selectivity of substrate (trifluoperazine) and inhibitor (amitriptyline, androsterone, canrenoic acid, hecogenin
, phenylbutazone, quinidine, quinine, and sulfinpyrazone) "probes" for human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases," Drug Metabolism and Disposition, vol.