hemicellulose

(redirected from hemicelluloses)
Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to hemicelluloses: Pectins

hem·i·cel·lu·lose

 (hĕm′ĭ-sĕl′yə-lōs′, -lōz′)
n.
Any of several branched polysaccharides that are composed of a variety of different monosaccharides and form a matrix with cellulose and lignin or pectin in plant cell walls. It is produced commercially from corn fiber.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

hemicellulose

(ˌhɛmɪˈsɛljʊˌləʊz)
n
(Botany) any of a group of plant polysaccharides that occur chiefly in the cell wall
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

hem•i•cel•lu•lose

(ˌhɛm ɪˈsɛl yəˌloʊs)

n.
any of a group of polysaccharides, intermediate in complexity between sugar and cellulose, that hydrolyze to monosaccharides more readily than cellulose.
[1890–95]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This wide range of degradation could be justified by the presence of lignin and hemicelluloses in the sample, which degraded from 190 to 990[degrees]C [41].
aspellum-2627, showed a faster rate of lignin and hemicelluloses degradation compared to the degradation of cellulose (Figure 1).
The secondary cell walls are nanofiber-reinforced composites of highly oriented, semicrystalline cellulose microfibrils embedded in a matrix of amorphous cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin (Rowell et al.
The insoluble fiber constituted mainly by cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin while gums, mucilage and pectins constitute the soluble part and they are known as extractives (MARINHO, 2012).
It contains cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin as major constituents, as shown in Table1.
Hemicelluloses. In: Pigman W, Horton D (eds) The carbohydrates.
However, presence of lignin in wood acts as a limiting factor for animals that consume cell wall compounds (cellulose and hemicelluloses) (Van Kuijk et al., 2015; Shahzad et al., 2016).
lacrymans removed relatively more xylan and arabinan than glucan by 21 days of decay and did not remove either of the major hemicelluloses preferentially.
Besides, bio-based materials (chitosan [6], starch [7], hemicelluloses [6, 8], and so on) are suitable for food packaging film due to their excellent oxygen barrier.
In principle, most of the biomasses are composed of polysaccharides (cellulose and hemicelluloses) and lignins.
The SB was mainly comprised of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin components [15], which can be dissolved or broken down during a pretreatment process [16].