desmosome

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Related to hemidesmosome: Adherens junction, Gap junctions

desmosome

(ˈdɛsməˌsəʊm)
n
(Biology) cytology a structure in the cell membranes of adjacent cells that binds them together
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

des•mo•some

(ˈdɛz məˌsoʊm)

n.
a plaquelike site on a cell surface that functions in maintaining cohesion with an adjacent cell.
[1930–35; < Greek desm(ós) band, chain (see desmid) + -o- + -some3]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The basement membrane of the RPE joins the Bruch membrane in the hemidesmosome regions, which contains laminin filaments, collagen types IV and V, and proteoglycans [1].
The relevant data showed that 47-64% of patients with diabetes might suffer from primary keratopathy, and its clinical features mainly include decreased corneal sensitivity, delayed epithelium healing, neurotrophic corneal ulcer, and other symptoms and it even causes blindness.[12],[13],[14] Primary keratopathy in patients with diabetes is mainly associated with the change in the components of corneal epithelial basement membrane, decrease in the junction number of hemidesmosome, accumulation of advanced glycated end products, change in growth factors, corneal nerve-ending injury, oxidative stress, and other abnormalities under diabetic conditions.[15],[16]
The pathogenesis of BP is characterized by tissue-bound and circulating IgG autoantibodies against two components of the hemidesmosome, BP230 and BP180 [1].
Mainly IgG autoantibodies bind to BP 230 and BP 180 antigens, components of the hemidesmosome adhesion complex, triggering activation of complement and release of tissue-destructive enzymes.1
Oral squamous cell carcinoma invasion is associated with a laminin-5 matrix reorganization but independent of basement membrane and hemidesmosome formation.
Analysis of the interactions between BP180, BP230, plectin and the integrin [alpha]6[beta]4 important for hemidesmosome assembly.
Hemidesmosome formation, which was observed along the collagen fibres and extensions, was demonstrated.
(5) Pemphigoid disorders are immune processes, involving an immunoglobulin G (IgG) immune response directed at a 180-kDa hemidesmosome transmembrane glycoprotein.
eIF6 is originally identified in mammals as a cytoplasmic interactor of [sz]4 integrin, which is crucial in hemidesmosome formation, cell adhesion, and responsible for the blister formation of hypertrophic scar surface.
A laminin-5-rich matrix is capable of inducing rapid cell adhesion as well as hemidesmosome assembly in a squamous cell carcinoma line (SCC12) (Langhofer et al., 1993; Baker et al., 1996).
Pemphigoid diseases are a heterogeneous group of chronic autoimmune disorders that are characterized by autoantibodies directed against various structural proteins of the hemidesmosomes, resulting in epithelial detachment (18).