Fifteen shrimps from each tank were randomly collected, five shrimps were used to measure whole body composition, and another 10 shrimps were used for hemolymph
and muscle collection.
is a body fluid analogous to vertebrate blood that contains hemocytes, which are the backbone of the bivalve immune system.
fulica was a consequence of a great hemolymph
circulation and, consequently, nutrients availability in that area, which delivered more requirements for larval development, as proposed by Bain (1970), based on experiments.
The influence of the plant growth regulator gibberellic acid (GA3) on the hemolymph
contents of Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) was examined.
Three of 4 pools of saliva and hemolymph
from the experimental group were SFTSV RNA positive.
was collected using the method of Li et al.
Botrylloides leachii WBR has been reported to start with the healing of the injury sites to prevent further hemolymph
loss, followed by the compaction of the marginal ampullae toward the center of the remaining matrix.
In addition, antimicrobial peptides present in the hemolymph
of mud crab serve as humoral immunity, while antioxidants system benefits as the cellular response towards infectious diseases or pathogens .
PO is predominantly synthesized in hemocytes as a zymogen called prophenoloxidase (PPO) and released into hemolymph
(insect blood) to perform functions .
Insect AMPs are mainly synthesized in the fat body, secreted into the hemolymph
, and regulated by Rel family transcription factors via activating the Toll and IMD signaling pathways [8-12].
According to the method of Guzo and Stoltz, , 0.2 ml of fresh hemolymph
in our case, have been taken from adults of Locusta migratoria using a syringe microliter.
The ultrastructural features of the gill epithelium of adult Daphnia magna are consistent with their dual function of ion transport from the surrounding medium to the hemolymph
and transport of macromolecules from the hemolymph
towards the cuticle.