Depending on pathogenicity, snake venoms are classified as cytotoxic, neurotoxic, coagulopathic and hemotoxic
. Venom-induced thrombocytopenia is frequently observed in animals having bitten with viper snakes (Segev et al., 2004), which is similar to the present finding of thrombocytopenia in our case.
Most of the toxins in snakes are hemotoxic
, which means they make the blood more liquid.
Family [sPLA.sub.2] svMP SP 3-FTX Neurotoxic Yes -- -- Yes Hemotoxic
Yes Yes Yes -- Myotoxic Yes Yes -- -- Cytotoxic Yes Yes -- Yes
They have hemotoxic
venom, according to herpetologist Jeff Beane, collections manager of amphibians and reptiles at the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences.
It is a hemotoxic
and carcinogenic substance which, furthermore, is extensively used in the production chain of petroleum extraction and refining and the making of iron, mostly on account of its presence in the raw materials of these processes (1,3).
A total of 758 cases of venomous snakebite (439 hemotoxic
and 319 neurotoxic) were reported during the study.
symptoms may include intense pain, edema, petechiae, and ecchymosis from coagulopathy.
The changes indicate that venom has severe hemotoxic
potential and disrupts physiological processes by affecting vital organs like kidneys and liver in mice.
Found in the Americas, these snakes are particularly dangerous due to the hemotoxic
nature of their venom, which destroys tissue, affects organs and leads to coagulopathy (disrupted blood clotting).
The bite of most pit vipers is called "hemotoxic
," meaning that its venom disrupts the integrity of blood vessels.
According to the Indian snake bite treatment protocol, In case of hemotoxic
poisoning repeat dose of ASV is usually required.
The DWELs of clarithromycin, thiamphenicol, and sulfamethazine were derived based on inhibition of intestinal microbes, hemotoxic
effects, and potential incidence of thyroid gland follicular adenoma, respectively [see Supplemental Material, Table S3 (http:// dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1206244)]; these Group 1 compounds exceeded their respective criterion only for a relatively short period (< 1 year) after birth.