The ground was rolling and tree-dotted and covered with grazing animals, alone, in pairs and in herds--a motley aggregation of the modern and extinct herbivore
of the world.
It will evaluate competing hypotheses explaining latitudinal trends in insect herbivore
diversity by the variation in either phylogenetic or functional diversity of plants, the host specificity of herbivores
, or the diversity and specificity of their parasitoids and predators.
In reality, the Iguanodon - a bulky herbivore
- would have been 10m long and weighed more than three tonnes.
Holidays & Gatherings: Easy Plant-Based Recipes for Your Healthiest Celebrations and Special Occasions lives up to its title as a treasury of vegetarian and vegan recipes, suitable for a whole foods, plant-based diet (no oil or animal products, including dairy or eggs).
Corn earworm saliva induces herbivore
defense gene expression in corn.
The way these effects are mediated depends on constraints determining resource availability, herbivore
feeding mode, the adaptive trade-off to balance nutrient intake, and predation risk avoidance.
I quantified herbivore
preference as weevils per plant and scar number per plant.
ABROAD: A TRAVELOGUE & OVER 135 FAT-FREE & LOW-FAT VEGAN RECIPES FROM AROUND THE WORLD provides a fine gathering of recipes, kitchen tips and plant-based inspirations that stems from the author's popular blog turned into a cookbook series.
Part two delves into case studies demonstrating the role of top predators on terrestrial ecosystems with a focus on impacts of herbivore
-plant interactions, as well as influences of top predators which have been lost from most terrestrial systems and how their impacts on herbivores
have resulted in dramatic shifts in plant community composition and, ultimately, the management necessary in these systems.
They also found that combinations of predators, such as wolves and bears, can create an important synergy for moderating the size of large herbivore
Plant-carnivore interactions: evolutionary and ecological consequences for plant, herbivore
The Happy Herbivore
(ISBN 978-1935618-12-6) is published by BenBella Books and retails for $19.