Consequently, Ibn Tufayl avows, social stability is not sufficient to secure happiness in the afterlife, and his narrative ends with Hayy and Absal returning to the uninhabited island to resume their hermitism
where they "served God until man's certain fate overtook them".
When Bellamy described the hero of an unfinished story that year, he was really describing himself: "Cured once and for all of Hermitism
and self-absorption, he plunges with enthusiasm, with tremendous earnestness into the study of social conditions and develops nationalism" (qtd Thomas 168).
Hincmar of Rheims, Benedict of Anaiane, Cluny, the monastic explosion of the eleventh century, the Peace of God and Truce of God, the crusades, the movement toward hermitism
, Romuald, the Cistercians, the Reform Papacy and Gregorian Reform (Leo IX, Humberto, Peter Damien, Hildebrand), the movement to communal life as canons at churches, are all discussed.