Ora nos temos as prostitutas (hetairai
) para o prazer; as concubinas (pallakai) para as necessidades quotidianas do corpo; as esposas (gynaikes) para conceberem filhos legitimos (gnesioi) e para serem fieis guardias do lar.
(39) Plutarch divides hetairai
into two categories: (1) bad ones who are fleeced when their young men come to their senses and (2) good ones who are land and constant and will be rewarded with the restoration of citizen parents or the ability to live a decent life.
In her thorough examination of the question 'whether these mute female characters were played by costumed male actors or by nude hetairai
' (1992:78) Bella Zweig cautiously comes to an agnostic conclusion (1992:81).
While dismantling this philological myth, one could get an alternative reading, turning us "from Victorian fantasy and modern reconstructions to the one indisputable fact about Sappho," namely that "she was a poet," and that she called "her comrades philai and hetairai
." "She should therefore be seen, not in a thiasos (whatever that might be) but, like Alcaeus, in a hetairia, an association of friends." (Parker 1993: 348)
Andocides' trial exposed the demos' distrust of the aristocrats and their hetairai
, or private associations, while Nichomachus' tribulation dealt with the struggle to re-establish the law.
La explicacion es muy simple: en Grecia estaban bien delimitadas las funciones y derechos de la mujer dependiendo de la categoria a la que perteneciera: Habia tres categorias de mujeres: hetairai
, pallakai, y gynaikes, es decir, cortesanas, concubinas y esposas respectivamente, su funcion, como queda clara en la referencia de Demostenes, estaba delimitada: las cortesanas estan para el placer, las concubinas para las necesidades cotidianas, las esposas para tener descendencia legitima y ser fieles guardianas del hogar.
Bunlar hetere (hetairai
) olarak adlandirilan fahiselerdir.
Johnson Liz Mikel Lysistrata Jones Patti Murin Michelangelo "Mick" Jackson Andrew Rannells Lampito Kanagawa Katie Boren Mhyrinne Moore, Tiffany Carla Duren Robin Smythe Lindsay Nicole Chambers Cleonice Sanchez Noemi Del Rio Cinesias Ray Telly Leung Xander Lee Curtis Holbrook Statyllis "Tyllis" Carter Justin Keyes Gustaf Angstrom Preston Sadleir Uardo Cortez Xavier Cano Musical numbers: "Right Now--Opening," "Change the World," "No More Givin' It Up," "Lay Low," "I Don't Think So," "The Steps Along the Way," "You Go Your Way," "Cantata," "Where Am I Now," "The Writing on the Wall," "Don't Judge a Book," "Right Now--Operetta," "When She Smiles," "Hold On," "Give It Up!"
Los ejemplos de lealtad extrema se refieren, por tanto, a las hetairai
(cortesanas) o a las libertas, como si fuera imposible encontrar comportamientos ejemplares entre la masa de esclavas <<normales y anonimas>>.
The symposium is singled out for its special place in Graeco-Roman society: the arrival of the Eastern custom of reclining on couches in the 6th century BC, the expensive furniture, tableware, utensils, frescoes and mosaic floors adorning triclinia, which became the centre of both private meals and organised feasts on special occasions (68-73); the elements of equality and sharing in the Greek meal, whether private, sympotic or sacrificial, in contrast with the Roman context where status difference was maintained between patron and client or emperor and people (73-74); the attendance of women of status at symposia, slaves and hetairai
being more usual (75); the changing structure of the Greek symposium in Roman dining, and variations in different periods, places and social strata (77-78).
The identification of these women as water nymphs, hetairai
, or what the Athenians would have considered respectable women is unclear, although the context of the scene, an outdoor bathing scene taking place in nature, suggests that they might be nymphs.
(4) A man's parallel household violation, such as the sexual exploitation of young slaves or hetairai
, was not similarly punished.