"Like all well-conceived classifications," the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa writes in "Toward Explaining Heteronymy
Pessoa reappeared in England in 1979 in Griffin's 'Toward Explaining Heteronymy
', and eight of his prose pieces were also included in The Poet's Work: 29 Masters of 20th Century Poetry on the Origins and Practice of Their Art, edited by Reginald Gibbons (Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1979).
Indeed, the staking out of a heterogenous position for culture necessitates the recognition that the heteronymy
of cultural artifacts is contingent on the willingness of their producers to critically intervene in their societies' customs, and in their political and civil prospects for the future.
By internalising the witness, the Greek conception of (something like) shame avoids the criticism of crude heteronymy
because the reaction of this internalised other may be respectable to the subject without being in accordance with the reactions of the actual members of the subject's community.
Is there any affinity between the marginalia he inscribed in his books and the cultivation of his heteronymy? Or rather, were the marginalia antithetical to his conception of poetic creativity?
While in terms of periodization it was important to analyse the years preceding the flowering of the heteronymy, in terms of diversity (which does not imply reading themes) it proved necessary to reveal different marginalia habits--from looking up words in a monolingual English dictionary to translating poetry in pages of the books themselves ...
This is the linchpin of an argument that heteronymy comforted Pessoa's solitude as social, sexual, and marital relations could not, that his existence as Fernando Pessoa, including his abortive engagement, was a fiction no more compelling than the heteronyms', and that his poetic genius was due to this enduring pathology.
The last major event preceding his researches is his confinement on grounds of criminal insanity, which leaves him in amnesiac need of the narrative of his own origins he sets out to recover on release: like Pessoa's heteronymy, the narrativewithin-the narrative straddles the border between pathology and therapy.
The techniques addressed in this essay comprise Yeats's 'theory of the mask'--more accurately defined as 'theory of the masks'--and Pessoa's self-coined 'heteronymy'.
Heteronymy was as fundamental to Pessoa's development as a poet as Yeats's 'theory of the mask'.
STEVENS, Dana Shawn, A local habitation and a name heteronymy
and nationalism in Fernando Pessoa.