Verbiage such as this along with additional anti-female and heterosexist
rhetoric are potentially even more culturally damaging because of the invasiveness of social media.
internalized homophobia, conflicts due to sexual orientation or heterosexist
harassments--LGB conflicts) were significantly associated with different dimensions of psychosocial adaptation (e.
LGBTQQ clients often experience heterosexist
oppression on a societal level and within interpersonal relationships; LGBTQQ clients may internalize this oppression in the form of negative attitudes and beliefs about themselves as LGBTQQ people (Szymanski & Heinrichs-Beck, 2014).
These factors--the silencing of homosexuality, the preconceived notions about gay sexuality, and the homophobia in 1990s Ireland--will be reconsidered in this analysis of the novel, as Toibin challenges heterosexist
assumptions on homosexuality whilst locating his narrative in the heart of a conventional family.
And then on the other end, we talk about the best way to approach issues that come up, such as people not feeling like they're included or coaches saying racist or heterosexist
comments--how are you going to respond to that sort of thing.
To this gender fracture, we must add the macho and heterosexist
discourse on LGBT individuals.
However, an individual's sexual orientation per se does not cause poor mental health problems, but rather, mental health problems are caused by minority stressors--or stressors experienced by minority groups living in heterosexist
cultures (O'Donnell, Meyer, Schwartz, 2011).
In this essay, I explore the ramifications of these heterosexist
imposed cultural logics in two contemporary texts from Central America: Hector Tobar's The Tattooed Soldier, a 1998 novel pertaining to the Guatemalan diaspora in the US and Javier Payeras' Ruido de fondo (2006), also a post-war Guatemalan text.
Reparative therapy is based on a heterosexist
idea - and by that I mean the assumption that being heterosexual is preferable and superior to being anything else.
Large surveys in the early 1990s (APA Committee on Lesbian and Gay Concerns, 1990; Garnets, Hancock, Cochran, Goodchilds, & Peplaud, 1991) found evidence for widespread heterosexist
attitudes among psychologists, and that such attitudes have the potential to do harm to clients.
Although similar themes are explored in Monkman's Justice of the Piece, it goes further to include a critique of race and heterosexist
politics by tackling topics such as blood quantum and status issues.
The authors investigated (a) the mediating role of workplace heterosexist
climate in linking workplace ounless with job satisfaction, and (b) the moderating role of anticipated discrimination in influencing the indirect and direct relationship between workplace outness and job satisfaction.